Kenya

Kenya: Electoral violence - Operations Update No. 21

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The Kenya Red Cross Society's mission is to build capacity and respond with vigor, compassion and empathy to those affected by disaster and at risk, in the most effective and efficient manner. It works closely with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

This Operations Update (no. 21/2008) reflects the information available at this time.

Appeal History:

- On 4th January 2008, the Kenya Red Cross Society issued a Preliminary Appeal No. 1/2008 for Ksh 957,127,906 (US$ 15.4 million) to assist 500,000 beneficiaries for one (1) month. Visit http://www.kenyaredcross.org for information on the appeal narrative and budget.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Mr. Abbas Gullet, Secretary General, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email; gullet.abbas@kenyaredcross.org Phone 254.20.60.35.93; 254.20.3950.000 Fax 254.20.60.35.89

Dr. James Kisia, Deputy Secretary General, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email; kisia.james@kenyaredcross.org Phone 254.20.60.35.93; 254.20.3950.000 Fax 254.20.60.35.89

Mr. Anthony Mwangi, Public Relations Manager, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email; info@kenyaredcross.org Phone 254.20.60.35.93; 254.20.3950.000 Fax 254.20.60.35.89

All Kenya Red Cross Society assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning the Kenya Red Cross Society programmes or operations, or for a full description of the Society's profile, please access the Kenya Red Cross Society Website at http://www.kenyaredcross.org or the Federation's Website at http://www.ifrc.org

Operational Summary

Kenya Red Cross was invited to the Kofi Annan mediation team meeting to give a presentation on the humanitarian situation in the country. Kenya Red Cross also made a presentation to over 200 Chief Executive Officers of leading companies during a one-day congress to discuss the impact of the violence on Kenya's economy. Kenya Red Cross Secretary General delivered the humanitarian situation in the country and its impact on the economy.

There has been a large movement of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) from Thika, Juja, Limuru, Kabete, Kikuyu and surrounding areas to Nyanza Province. This has posed logistical difficulties. The Government of Kenya has committed itself to assist in the repartriation of the IDPs from these camps to their ancestral homes based on their voluntary requests. Other organisations and individuals have also been shuttling buses and trucks to move the IDPs, who were largely migrant workers.

Kenya Red Cross has been conducting assessments so as to set up transit camps at Moi Stadium in Kisumu and Migori showground, as the incoming IDPs would require to be supported with relief items through increased resources.

Situation

Over 2,000 IDPs are expected in Kisumu between 7th and 8th February 2008. Most of the IDPs are using Kisumu for central Nyanza and Migori for Southern Nyanza as transits. The IDPs are arriving Nyanza from Nakuru, Naivasha, Gilgil, Thika, Juja, Kikuyu, Kabete, Limuru and surrounding areas. A transitional camp is being set up at Moi Stadium in Kisumu and Migori showground to cater for the IDPs. The government suggested that all IDPs who have been camping at Kondele Police Station and Central Police Station be moved to Mambo Leo showground in Kisumu. The IDPs were however sceptical about their insecurity because Mambo Leo showground is surrounded by informal settlements such as Mambo Leo, Manyatta and Kondele.

Skirmeshes were still being experienced in Kilgoris District between two communities. So far 400 houses have been burnt, 557 families displaced and accommodated by relatives and friends. Two persons lost their lives and five people injured. Some IDPs refused to go back home because their houses were torched and had nowhere to go. In Shaviringa, bordering Rift Valley and Western provinces, there were initially 1,500 people, but the number reduced to 300. Most came from Koibarak, Mosasa, Idunya and Kapsasure. Some IDPs had suffered from diarrhoea, which raised concern about their health and likely outbreak of cholera in St. Stephens Bible society where they were camping.

Eldoret town remained calm on 8th February 2008. The rainy season has began and ploughing is notably absent in many areas. At the Eldoret showground, Camp A was flooded following the rains. This prompted IDPs to put cooking jikos into their tents, resulting in two people being admitted at Moi Hospital for inhaling carbon monoxide. Camp surveyors adviced that the arena will be flooded by one foot of water in a month's time, and therefore a relocation plan may be necessary. Currently, residents of Camp A are camping on the pavilion, while others have dug drainage trenches around their tents. The situation in Kericho is tense as the late Ainamoi MP is expected to be buried on 9th February 2008. IDPs camping at Moi Gardens have been moved to AIC Church in Kericho because of insecurity.

In Mt. Elgon, five people were killed at Teldet/Tiboroa in Mt. Elgon District on 7th February 2008. For the last few weeks the border areas of Transnzoia and Mt. Elgon has become tense with killings almost on a daily basis. Several people were attacked at Masaek, Kopsiro division.

In Naivasha, the Ministry of Housing has started producing low cost stabilised cement soil blocks in preparation for resettlement of IDP's. Over 5,000 blocks are already done in Bahati. The forest department is to provide wood in its raw state, not processed.