Kenya - Drought OCHA Situation Report No. 1

Ref. OCHA/GVA - 2000/0008
Kenya - Drought
OCHA Situation Report No. 1
19 January 2000

The Government has appealed for international assistance to meet emergency relief and rehabilitation needs of drought affected communities.

This report summarises the appeal document prepared by the Government of Kenya in co-operation with UN agencies and NGOs. The original document is available at OCHA- Geneva.

1. Serious drought occurred in 18 districts (Mandera, Moyale, Garissa, Kajiado, Machakos, Turkana, Mbeere, Kitui, Wajir, Mwingi, Tana River, Marsabit, Isiolo, Baringo, Samburu, West Pokot, Makueni and Tharaka) affecting 1.8 million people. 11 other districts (Laikipia, Marakwet, Keiyo, Nyeri, Taita Taveta, Kwale, Lamu, Kilifi, Trans Mara, Nyandarua and Maragua) were also affected in varying degrees of severity.

2. The current situation is aggravated by the after effects of the 1997/1998 El Nino floods and the 1994/95 drought. The failure of the short rains in 1999 marked the onset of the particular difficulties experienced at this time. Marginal agricultural areas lost 80% or more of their maize crop.

3. The vegetation cover in pastoral areas has deteriorated to a point where livestock losses have been registered.

4. Overall the pastoral districts (Turkana, Moyale, Mandera, Wajir, Tana River, Marsabit, Garissa, Isiolo, Samburu, and Kajiado) are currently experiencing more acute food and water shortages than the marginal agricultural areas. However, the forecast of poor short rains means that the short-term food security of all the highlighted districts is likely to decline in the coming months.

National Response

5. In collaboration with the international community, the Government is in the process of establishing a management structure, from national to community levels to determine and address specific requirements. The populations are being involved in the whole process as key decision-makers. The Government's famine relief food interventions have been underway for the last four years, at an annual average cost of KES 2 billion (approx. USD 26.6 million). 310,950 bags of maize valued approximately at KES 500 million (approx. USD 6.6 million) have been distributed to the affected districts between July and October 1999. KES 20 million (approx. USD 266,667) has been spent on transportation.

6. The Government indicates that it has made available KES 560 million (approx. USD 7.5 million) for the procurement of additional maize for famine relief purposes. This is equivalent to 373,000 bags (90kg/bag) expected to be sufficient up to early February 2000.

International Response

7. The UN Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) has put in place contingency plans to implement non-food interventions. UNICEF, Oxfam and other NGOs are focusing on child health, water and livestock. UNDP and FAO have supported NGOs in seed distribution to farmers in marginal agricultural districts. WMO will provide forecasts for the year 2000 long rains. WHO plans to monitor epidemic trends.

8. UNDP is seeking funds to carry out further nutritional assessments as well as evaluations of the current relief and mitigation activities. UNDP will also continue monitoring the situation and providing the necessary briefings as the situation evolves.

9. UNICEF has been involved in organizing and co-ordinating food security assessment missions. It has also been ensuring water provision for 8 districts affected. UNICEF has proposed a one-year project to address the emergency nutrition and health needs of children under-five, and pregnant and lactating women. The project targets some 130,000 women and children in the eight most seriously affected districts. The total requested amount is USD 2,973,000.

10. WFP's school feeding programme has been ongoing in some of the affected districts. The food for work programme on forestry has been extended for 6 of the affected districts: Tharaka, Mbeere, Mwingi, Kitui, Machakos and Makueni. WFP EMOP (Emergency Operation) is being finalized.

Needs and Requirements

11. Food (December 1999 - May 2000)

Quantity (MT)
Total (KES)
Maize (Feb.-March 2000)
Supplementary Food
Oil (Supplementary feeding)
Oil (General distribution)

+ The Government has decided to obtain maize from the surplus maize producing areas of the country.

Livestock Health:

Vaccines - KES 49,841,000 (approx. USD 664,547)
Drugs - KES 560,682,500 (approx. USD 7,475,767)
(Sub-total: KES 610,523,500 (approx. USD 8,140,314))

Human Health: KES 190,000,000 (approx. USD 2,533,333)

Water: KES 523,733,295 (approx. USD 6,983,110)

GRAND TOTAL: KES 4,557,738,256 (approx. USD 60,769,844) +
+ Excluding logistics, supervision and monitoring costs which are currently being worked out by the Government and WFP.

12. OCHA is prepared to serve, as a channel for cash contributions for the immediate relief needs. Funds channelled through OCHA will be spent in co-ordination with the relevant organizations of the UN system and OCHA will provide written confirmation of their use. Funds should be transferred to OCHA Account No. CO-590.160.1 SWIFT-code SBC0CHGG12A - at the UBS AG, PO Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland, with reference: OCHA Kenya Drought 2000.

13. For co-ordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, of relief missions, pledges or contributions and their corresponding value by item.

14. This Situation Report and further information on ongoing emergencies are also available on the OCHA Internet Website at:

Telephone number: + 41-22-917-1234

In case of emergency only: + 41 22 917 2010

Desk Officers: Mr. Klaus Wiersing/ Ms. Yasuko Sawada, Disaster Response Branch, direct Tel: + 41 22 917 2770/1768

Contact person for the media: Mr. Donato Kiniger-Passigli, direct tel: +41-22-917-2653

Telex 41 42 42 ocha ch
Fax: + 41 22 917 0023


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