Summary of major revisions made to the Emergency Plan of Action
This update provides an overview on Kenya Red Cross Society actions for the first 6 months of response.
The Emergency Appeal has been revised twice. The first revision was as a result of the increased scope of drought increasing the appeal budget from 3.8 million Swiss Francs to 9.1 million Swiss Francs to support 340,786 people, an increase from 114,620 people.
The severity of the drought continued increasing with number of people affected increasing to 3 million in mid-March 2017. This necessitated a second appeal revision, increasing the budget to 25,062,572 Swiss Francs and target beneficiaries to 1,033,300 on 27 March, 2017. The Emergency Appeal is currently 17% funded (CHF 4,161,794).
For detailed information please refer to the revised Emergency Appeal, operation update 1 and operation update 2 on the progress.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The current drought in Kenya is an extreme event, and is a result of consecutive seasons of poor rains performance during the March-April-May 2016, and October – November – December 2016 rain seasons.
Due to this, some pastoral and marginal farming communities in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) of the country are experiencing drought, now classified as alert phase (11 counties) and Alarm Phase (12 counties). ASALs make up more than 80 per cent of the country’s land mass and are home to approximately 36 per cent of the country’s population. The ASALs have the lowest development indicators and the highest incidence of poverty in the country.
The Kenya Government declared the ongoing drought affecting 23 arid and semi-arid counties and pockets of other areas a national disaster. Thus, the government appealed to all stakeholders, local and international partners to come in and support its efforts to contain the situation which, had not only affected human beings and livestock but also wild animals by upscaling drought mitigation programmes.
Analysis of March-May (MAM) 2017 seasonal rainfall indicates that most parts of the country recorded poor rains especially in the ASALs. While the amount of rain increased significantly in May, the rains were below the seasonal average ranging between 25 – 75 percent of normal, and were poorly distributed both in time and space (KMD May 2017). The rains have had a positive impact on food security in some areas with livestock body conditions and milk production on an improving trend. As of April 2017, 15 counties were at Alarm Phase while another 7 were at the Alert Phase, with the drought situation expected to deteriorate due to the poor performance of the March-April-May 2017 rain season.