Kenya

Kenya: Drought Appeal No. MDRKE001 Operations Update no. 2

Attachments

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 183 countries.

In Brief

Appeal No. MDRKE001; Operations Update no. 2; Period covered: 1 February to 7 April 2006; Appeal coverage: 100.8 %; Click here to go directly to the Contributions list available on the Federation website.

Appeal history:

- Launched on 4 January 2006 for CHF 16,369,585 (USD 10.5 million or EUR 12.7 million for 12 months to assist 329,000 beneficiaries. Refer to: http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRKE001.pdf

- Operations Update no. 1- http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRKE00101.pdf was issued on 11 February 2006.

- The stated Appeal coverage includes in country cash and in-kind donations at this time.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 427,808. For the DREF Bulletin, refer to: http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05ME076.pdf

Outstanding needs: Figure will be made available shortly; a revision of plan and budget is being prepared.

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: East Africa sub-regional programmes: Annual Appeal 2006-2007;

Appeal no. MAA64003- http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/annual06/MAA64003.pdf.

East Africa: Regional Drought Response MDR64001 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDR64001.pdf.

Burundi: Emergency Appeal no. MDRBI001- http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRBI001A.pdf.

Rwanda: Drought; Appeal no. MDRRW001 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRRW001.pdf.

Tanzania: Drought; Appeal no. MDRTZ001 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRTZ001.pdf

Ethiopia: Drought; Appeal no. MDRET001 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRET001.pdf.

Operational Summary: The first phase of the de-stocking programme of the Kenya Red Cross Society1 (KRCS) was completed with a total of 17,754 animals purchased and slaughtered. The Mandera branch of the KRCS concluded the distribution of 658 metric tonnes (MT) of food from the Government of Kenya in January and February. 16 divisions (60,130 beneficiaries) out of 18 divisions in the district received food and 30 MT of Unimix was handed over to the medical authorities. In Kajiado, 62 MT of food has been dispatched for distributions, including 49 MT of Unimix for distribution to schools.

The districts of Turkana, Kitui, Ijara, Nyeri, Nairobi, Mbeere, Mombasa, West Pokot and Samburu -- which were not in the Federation Appeal -- have been targeted for various interventions including de-stocking and food distribution. The Kenya Red Cross Society's local appeal continues to receive cash and in-kind donations from citizens and well wishers. To date, cash donations of CHF 5,503,246 and in-kind donations of CHF 1,609,132 (amounting to CHF 7,112,378) have been received and additional pledges made. As these are contributions mostly for activities additional to the Federation's appeal budget, they are now reflected in a separate section of the attached contributions list. The national society is currently revising its plans and budgets for the drought-related activities, and this will be reflected in Operations Update no. 3.

The ECHO proposal covers activities in six districts. However, as it is only a 6 month grant, it primarily addresses short-term needs. Therefore, the long and medium-term needs still require funding. This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background

According to the Kenya Food Security Meeting (KFSM) report of 8 February 2006, 4 million people including 500,000 school children require emergency food aid. A total of 396,525 MT of additional food assistance (valued at USD 221,536,211) will be required for the next 12 months. Of these, 500,000 require emergency water services. In addition, 915 schools require storage tanks, and 798 schools require water trucking to sustain 200,000 children in school and allow for preparation of school lunches. The worst affected districts are Mandera, Wajir, Isiolo, Samburu, Marsabit and Moyale.

Local media has reported over 50 deaths, mostly children who have died due to complications related to hunger and malnutrition. In Elwak (Mandera), 232 children are in dire need of food aid. The vast Mandera West constituency of Mandera district, which has four divisions, does not have a single borehole. The only water point is a dam in one division where, in February, clashes erupted between the communities leading to 57 people being injured. There was also extensive damage of property reported as people's houses were burnt. Many lost their water containers and jerry cans as stocks were also looted.

A joint mission to Marsabit, Moyale, Mandera and Wajir, in late February/early March by the KRCS and the Norwegian Red Cross-supported transport support unit (TSU) reported that around 55 to 60 per cent of the livestock, including camels and donkeys, had died so far in each of the four districts and this number continues to increase. The mission also found that most of the villages in the affected areas have huge problems maintaining their water pumps and generators, resulting in frequent breakdown of the equipment. In several places, getting fuel for generators is also difficult.

In January 2006, a joint government, UN and non-governmental organizations (NGO) multi-sectoral mission assessed the impact of the 2005/2006 short rains on food security among drought affected households. Normally the short rains begin in late September/early October and extend through mid-December. Despite its name, the short rains season is considered the most reliable cultivation period for the eastern half of the country. This season the rains never became established in the marginal farming areas of eastern Kenya and in all of the pastoral districts.

Marginal farming households in eastern Kenya have not fared any better than pastoralists. Crops have wilted and died. In some locations, seeds never germinated because not one drop of rainfall fell. The food security situation for these households, following successive poor agricultural seasons, is abysmal and will most certainly worsen as they use whatever resources they have to feed their families.

The Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG) has reiterated that there is an urgent need for continued emergency food and non-food assistance as well as an equally urgent need to address the underlying reasons why so many thousands of Kenyans are unable to cope with cyclical drought.

FFor further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Kenya: Abbas Gullet, Secretary General, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email: gullet.abbas@kenyaredcross.org; Phone +254.20.60.35.93; Fax +254.20.60.35.89

In Kenya: Esther Okwanga, Federation Head of East Africa Sub-Regional Office; Email: esther.okwanga@ifrc.org; Phone +254.20.283.50.00; Fax+ 254.20.271.27.77

In Kenya: Anitta Underlin, Federation Head of Regional Delegation, Nairobi; Email: anitta.underlin@ifrc.org; Phone +254.20.283.51.24; Fax +254.20.271.27.77 and Steve Penny, Disaster Management Coordinator, East Africa Regional Delegation, Nairobi; Email: steve.penny@ifrc.org;Phone +254.20.283.51.17; Fax +254.20.271.27.77

In Geneva: Amna Al Ahmar, Federation Regional Officer for Eastern Africa, Africa Dept; Email: amna.alahmar@ifrc.org; Phone +41.22.730.44.27; Fax +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

Note:

(1) Kenya Red Cross Society- refer to http://www.ifrc.org/where/country/cn6.asp?countryid=93

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