A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In 2013, the counties of Mandera and Wajir experienced recurring interclan clashes. The conflict between Degodia and Garre clans living in the two neighboring counties was initially driven by competition for grazing land and compounded with a desire for political dominance following the outcome of March 2013 general elections. In total, 95 people died with an additional 104 sustaining different forms of injuries. The hostilities were quelled in August 2013 following efforts by the central government to increase security, as well as interventions in the line of peace building and conflict resolution carried out by the central and county governments, religious leaders, community leaders as well as other stakeholders in the county. The conflict led to displacement of 2,894 households (17,364 persons) and an additional of 6,354 households (38,488 persons) affected by the clashes in the four most affected Sub-Counties namely Banissa, Mandera North Mandera South and Mandera West. In March 2014, there followed more tensions along the Mandera-Wajir border, near Burmayo, over territorial boundary dispute between the two counties. In May 2014, a new wave of violence erupted, along the border between Mandera and Wajir and left 44 fatalities (14 in Mandera, 30 in Wajir), 50 casualties, and 13,536 households displaced. Besides these attacks, eight police officers were killed when suspected AI-Shabaab militia ambushed a police vehicle at Arabia, along the Lafey Mandera road in the third week of May 2014, killing the officers and setting their vehicle ablaze.
On 10 June 2014, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) allocated CHF 266,282 from the Disaster Relief and Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) to provide immediate assistance to 2,301 households (13,806 people) affected by attacks in Mandera and Wajir counties, for a period of three months.
Tsunami Residual Funding contributed towards a full replenishment of the DREF allocated for this operation. The major donors and partners of DREF include the Australian, American and Belgian governments, the Austrian Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross and government, Danish Red Cross and government, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), the Irish and the Italian governments, the Japanese Red Cross Society, the Luxembourg government, the Monaco Red Cross and government, the Netherlands Red Cross and government, the Norwegian Red Cross and government, the Spanish Government, the Swedish Red Cross and government, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic and Z Zurich Foundations, and other corporate and private donors.
IFRC on behalf of KRCS would like to thank all partners for their continued support.