Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Emergency Appeal n° MDRKE035

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This Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 1.5 million to support the Kenyan Red Cross to reach 371,376 people with a focus on emergency health-related action for cholera control including continuous community engagement and social mobilization. This appeal reflects the situation as it stands today and will be updated and adjusted based on the evolving nature of the crisis, new developments and more detailed assessments.

The disaster and the Red Cross and Red Crescent response to date

December 2014: initial signs of a cholera outbreak are picked by the surveillance system in Nairobi County

December - August 2015: with 21 counties reporting cases, a total of 5,564 cases and 113 deaths have been recorded (between December 2014 to August 2015), with a Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 2 per cent.

Ministry of Health has lead management role in outbreak control (management of cases and prevention of new infections), but with challenges in control efforts, the Ministry of Health has formally requested the KRCS’s support in scaling up these efforts by increasing trained personnel dedicated to epidemic control in 10 counties. The situation is compounded by the limited presence of other humanitarian actors due to insecurity, which has had an impact on health care and education personnel, resulting in crises in both sectors, with hundreds of schools and health centres closed due to a lack of staff.

September 2015: Emergency Appeal launched for CHF 1.5 million for 371,376 people, and CHF 140,244 allocated as DREF start-up funding.