Kenya: The 2017 Long Rains Season Assessment Report

Report
from Government of Kenya
Published on 30 Aug 2017 View Original

Executive Summary

Introduction

The long rains assessment was conducted from 3rd – 14th July 2017 in arid and semi-arid (ASAL) counties and led by the Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG). The KFSSG is a multi-sectoral and multi-agency body which brings together relevant government sectors,
UN agencies and technically qualified NGOs under the leadership of the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA), co-chaired by the World Food Programme (WFP). The KFSSG carries out the seasonal assessments in partnership with the County Steering Groups (CSGs), which are also multi-sectoral and multi-agency, and whose membership includes local leaders. The assessment reports are therefore the definitive statement on food security in arid and semi-arid counties, endorsed by all KFSSG and CSG members.

Objectives

The overall objective of the assessment was to analyse and determine the impact of the 2017 long rains on food and nutrition security, taking into account the cumulative effects of previous seasons and other shocks and hazards. In particular, the assessment explored the impact of the season on food availability, access and utilization by looking at the contributing factors and outcomes, and at how each sector has been affected. The ultimate goal is to advise on appropriate response mechanisms by the sectors, which include agriculture, livestock, water, health and nutrition, education, peace and security, and markets and trade. The recommended interventions are presented in this report.

Methodological Approach

The seasonal assessments cover the 23 counties classified as arid and semi-arid, which are generally the most food insecure and exhibit high levels of vulnerability.

The unit of analysis is the livelihood zone, with the main livelihoods being pastoralism, agropastoralism, mixed farming, marginal mixed farming and some irrigated cropping. The assessments use the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), which is a global standard for classifying the severity of food insecurity and ensures that best practice is being applied. A standard methodology also allows comparisons to be made across areas and over time. Although nutrition elements are integrated within the IPC food security analysis, it does not currently incorporate a full overview of the nutrition situation that considers other causes of malnutrition than food insecurity. The IPC Acute Malnutrition Classification was therefore also undertaken to understand both the food and non-food causes of malnutrition.

The data is collected by joint teams of officers from the national and county governments.
During this long rains assessment, these teams have:

  • Collected data from 2,700 households in 90 sentinel sites using questionnaires

  • Interviewed a minimum of six informants in each sample site visited: two community interviews, two key informant interviews, and two market interviews.

  • Observed field conditions

  • Reviewed secondary data, such as on vegetation condition, livestock and crop prices, and nutrition, both from SMART surveys and from secondary sources.

In each county the findings are consolidated in a report that is presented to the CSG for review and approval. The county reports are then synthesised to produce a national report.