Kajiado District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, March 2007


Situation Overview

During the month of March 2007, dry weather condition prevailed in most parts of the district. However, erratic/scattered showers were received in upper Loitokitok (22.7 mm- 4 days); high potential areas of Ngong hills (31.2mm in 5 days), while Mashuru division received 7.3 mm in 2 days.

Water availability and accessibility for livestock, agriculture and domestic use was good but on downward trend across the district. Distance to and from watering points was within the normal radii of less than 3km. Close to 75% of temporary water sources (pans and dams) had water.

Livestock body condition was good for all species owing to adequate pasture in most parts of the district. However, there were reported cases of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Imbirikani and parts of Rombo in Loitokitok. CBPP and Lumpy skin disease in cattle and CCPP and diarrhea in shoats was reported in most pastoral areas.

Average cattle price were on upward trend as the scare/alarm on Rift Valley Fever declined swiftly. Cattle prices improved by 5.39 % (from Ksh 10,286 to Ksh 10,841).

Child malnutrition rates is still high among the under five's. The number of children with MUAC < 135mm- (At Risk %) slightly declined by 0.1 %,( 10.9% to 10.8%) in February and March 2007 respectively.

Food security has improved in crop growing areas of the district. Maize harvesting is on going. Milk was available in most households.

Crops performance was excellent district wide. Beans have matured and harvesting was reported in all crop growing areas. The yield averaged 10-15 bags (of 90kg) per acre in agricultural livelihood zone. Maize harvesting was on going across the district. Farmers supplied maize to NCPB- Loitokitok at Ksh 1,300 per 90Kg bag.

Recommendation to district Authorities/DSG and National KFSSG

Food Intervention:

Relief food operations in the district: retargeting of affected population

Nutritional support/supplementary feeding should be targeted to communities still reporting persistent high malnutrition rate among the under fives.

Livestock Sector

Disease control- 150,000 RVF vaccines for Mashuru and Magadi divisions

Livestock restocking /redistribution

Water and Education Sector

Rehabilitation and drilling of strategic boreholes

Enhanced school feeding program

Provision of plastic tanks to schools in the remote pastoral areas.

Current drought / concluded interventions

GoK Food Aid: DC Kajiado received some food to be distributed to the needy households and institutions. Food received are; 2000 bags x90Kg-Maize; 830 cartons x 6 x 3 litres vegetable oil, 500 bags of beans and 600x50kg-rice.

EMOP OoP/WFP relief food operations: relief food stock were cleared form the warehouse by early March 2007

RVF outbreak status:

- Joint disaster committee ( MOH, DVO, ALRMP, DLPO, DC) coordinated surveillance, public awareness and vaccination response

- DVO received 150,000 doses of RVF vaccines and 130 litres of pour -on (synthetic pyrethroid): 143,288 cattle, sheep and goats vaccinated in Isenya, Loitokitok, Magadi, Namanga, Central and Ngong divisions

- Pledges: ALRMP: 100,000 doses, KLMC- 75,000, MPIDO- 40,000

ALRMP water projects: drilling of Olbili borehole, excavation of Kisaju and Nkiitu pans

NIA/ACCORD/ Concern World Wide- Water development.

Ipomoea control - NIA/ALRMP in Central and Namanga divisions

KLMC/ OXFAM livestock vaccinations: Ksh. 3.1 million worth of FMD and LSD purchased. KLMC in partnership with DVO has started vaccination in Magadi and Mashuru