Kenya

Isiolo District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, October 2006

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SITUATION OVERVIEW

The food security situation worsened further than that of last month. This was made worse by deteriorating environmental indicators together with delayed food distribution by EMOP. All the livelihood zones are food insecure.

The body condition of livestock for all species has deteriorated further suggesting of limited income household.

Preparations of farms were undertaken in agro-pastoral zones in anticipation of receiving the coming short rains.

The pasture/forage depletion has deteriorated further meaning the pastoralists will keep moving from one place to another until it rains.

The district status level is alarm/emergency which is worsening.

Recommendations to District Authorities/DSG and National KFSSG

The EMOP food distribution should be hastened.

The Veterinary Department to respond to case of lumpy skin disease in Sericho and Garbatulla Divisions

The District Authorities to extra vigilant and monitor the performance of this short rains and respond quickly to possible hazards that may rise.

The DVO should carry out baiting of rabid dogs and donkeys in Iresaboru location Sericho Division

Current Interventions.

a) Non-food Intervention:

Water tanking in Merti Division and Iresaboru location of Sericho division by ALRMP.

DAO distributes seeds to some of the divisions; however there were inadequate seeds as the distributed ones are what remained after April distribution.

Drilling of boreholes by National water Corporation.

b) Food distribution:

No food distribution was undertaken by either the Government or EMOP.

Previous DSG meeting and DSG Recommendations:

The DSG met on 27th of October. The issues discussed were on floods in Central location. This was runoff water from Meru and Nanyuki town. The floods killed four persons and caused a lot of damages to the residents. DSG discussed on how to assist the affected families and ways of averting the future flooding by diverting drainage channels.

1.0 ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS (STABILITY)

1.1 Rainfall

No rainfall was received during the last weeks of September and early October. This is normal compared to normal season in a year.

1.2 Natural Vegetation and Pastures:

The quantity of browses deteriorated further in the last weeks of September /early October.

The vegetation and pastures got diminished all through apart from dry season grazing reserves. Distances were the main challenges in accessing the little available forage.

1.3 Distance grazing areas

Distances to grazing areas continued to increase as compared to last month. The distance is now between 15 - 30Km for livestock. This is so for part of Merti and Sericho divisions.

1.4 Water sources and Availability

Boreholes and shallow wells are the main source of water for both livestock and Household use.

The quantity of water in shallow wells continued to decrease further. Concentration of livestock and monkeys, hyenas' interferences has been reported as the constraints in accessing water from shallow wells.

The return distance to water in on average 6km but is highest in Sericho (12Km)

1.5 Emerging Issues

Distance to grazing areas has increased.

Return time from water source has increased.

Concentration of livestock over shallow wells due to reduced yield while some of the shallow wells became drier.

1.6 Implications on Food Security

There is limited water for livestock use meaning much hours of households activities will be committed to livestock watering.

2.0 AVAILABITLITY

2.1.1 Livestock body condition

Livestock body condition has deteriorated further that of last month. This is due to diminished pasture condition. However, the reduced body weight is normal at such a time of the year.

All the divisions has now weak livestock at this time now.

2.1.2 Livestock diseases

No diseases outbreak has been reported among camel, cattle and donkeys.

Cases of lumpy skin diseases are still being experienced in the areas reported last month. This has accelerated the abortion rate a month the goats and sheep.

2.2.2 Harvest

No harvest was reported which is normal in such season in a year.

2.2.3 Implications on food security

Most households will suffer from food insecurity due to reduced body weight o of animals coupled with disease conditions.

3.0 ACCESS

3.1.1 Cattle Prices

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