Ijara District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, November 2006


Situation Overview

Heavy down pours have been received in the entire district for the month under review.

The quality and quantity of browse and pasture had considerably improved following the on set of the short rains virtually in all the divisions.

Most of the natural ponds, medium and large water pans contain substantial volumes of water hence no water stress in all the divisions.

The average prices of all categories of livestock in the entire district had improved because of improved body condition following the short rains.

The livestock body condition and health was rated fair for all categories in all the divisions.

The malnutrition status of children under five years has reduced when compared to preceding month. The rate for those at risk was 14%

Out break of Lumpy Skin Disease had been reported by the DVO in Kotile, Korisa and Maleley locations that lie in the South-East of the district.

The availability of milk for consumption had increased virtually in all the divisions.

Generally the drought situation in the entire district is at normal stage and on an improving trend.


1.1 Rainfall

Heavy rains had been experienced in the entire district during the month under review with varied intensity and even distribution. Temperatures also remained fairly low.

The trend was normal when compared with same period in previous years as the district used to receive rains. However, it had positive impact on household food security since there was plenty of browse regeneration following the rains. This had favored livestock body condition that has in turn improved production and market prices.

1.2 Condition of Natural Vegetation and Pasture.

The browse and pasture conditions in all the divisions had generally improved both in quantity and quality in the entire district. This had a positive impact on livestock body condition that had in turn resulted in the improvement of production in terms of meat and market prices

The observed trend was normal at such season of year since browse and pasture conditions were supposed to be regenerating in both qualitative and quantitative terms. The trend had positive impact on the food security since livestock production in terms of milk, meat and market value had shown considerable improvement.

1.2 Water sources

Use of water sources

There was no water stress reported in the month in the entire district as most of the medium, large water pans and natural ponds contained substantial volumes of water that were anticipated to sustain pastoralists in the next five weeks.

It was observed that the trend was normal when compared with the same period in previous years since November is supposedly expected to be wet because of the short rains.

Average distance (in kms.) to water sources

The average distance to water sources from grazing areas was recorded at 2.2km while distance to water sources for domestic use was recorded at less than two (2) Km.

The trend was normal in such season of the year and had positive impact on food security because communities saved a lot of time that was used for other gainful activities.