Kenya

Ijara District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, April 2006

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SITUATION HIGHLIGHTS

ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS

Rainfall was received during period under review in all the divisions.

Pasture and browse condition had slightly improved following the rains received in the month.

There was no water stress reported in the entire district as most of the water pans have captured substantial volumes of water.

RURAL ECONOMY INDICATORS

Livestock body condition for all categories had improved considerably virtually in all the divisions

HUMAN WELFARE INDICATORS

Out break of measles and diarrhea were reported in Ijara, Sangailu and Hulugho divisions by the MOH.

The availability of milk for consumption had improved in the entire district when compared with the preceding month.

No incidences of insecurity were reported in the month under review.

Slight improvement was noted in the average malnutrition status of children less than five years of age in the entire district when compared with preceding month with the average rate for those at risk being recorded at 16.1 % down from 16.84%.

OVERALL TREND ASSESSMENT

The drought situation in the entire district is alert and improving

1.0 ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS

1.1 Rainfall

Light to moderate rainfall was received in the entire district in the first three weeks of the month with varied intensity and distribution. The trend is normal as the district usually receives rains in such period of the year. The table below shows rainfall data per division of the district for period under review.

April Rainfall Data

Division
No of rainfall days
Amount of rainfall
Masalani
3
46.8mm
Ijara
7
154
Hulugho
3
130mm
Sangaillu
2
Rain gauge unserviceable

1.2 Vegetation covers (pasture and browse)

The quality and quantity of browse and pasture in the entire district had improved following the rains received in the month but pasture still remained inadequate for the grazers as opposed to the browsers who enjoyed satisfactory feeding.

The observed trend is normal at such time of the season since browse and pasture are supposed to improve. The trend had a positive impact on food security since livestock production in terms of milk, meat and market value had improved.

1.3 Water sources

1.3.1 Use of water source

Almost all the water pans and natural ponds in all the divisions have impounded substantial volumes of water and anticipated to sustain pastoralists in the next six-seven weeks if no more rains are received.

It was observed that the trend was normal when compared with the same period in previous years as it marked the beginning of the long rainy season in the district thus triggering improvement in the availability of water on a large scale in most parts of the district.

1.3.2 Average distance (Kms) to water sources

The average distance to water sources from grazing areas had reduced from 5km to 3

The trend is normal for such season of the year as the average distance is supposed to be less 2 km and had positive impact on food security because the commodity could still be accessed within a reasonable distance saving time for other socio-economic activities.

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