IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis - Kenya


Executive Summary

RTE Background & Methodology

For most of 2011 the pastoralist and marginal cropping communities of Kenya endured a severe food crisis. Over 3.75 million Kenyans1 and 598,218 refugees2 were severely affected and in need of humanitarian assistance. As the emergency met the “automatic trigger” criteria3 endorsed by IASC Working Group in July 2011, the Emergency Relief Coordinator requested an IASC Real Time Evaluation (IASC RTE) in Kenya. The purpose of this evaluation is to provide rapid real-time feedback to the Humanitarian Country Team, addressing issues requiring immediate action, lesson learning for the future, and to seek out the views of affected communities.

The Kenya IASC RTE is a rapid, light, and participatory evaluation that was conducted between November 2011 and January 2012. It comprised a desk review, field visits to affected communities, three workshops, an outcome summary of workshops and a final report. The desk review included a thorough analysis of situation reports, briefings, appeals, policies, other third party analysis, and evaluations concerning the Horn of Africa Drought crisis in Kenya and beyond.

The field visit included interviews with more than 180 key stakeholders and beneficiaries, concluding with three workshops conducted in three different locations (Nairobi, Dadaab, and Turkana). Two different humanitarian contexts were specifically considered: the drought affected communities (such as Turkana) and the refugee assisted populations (such as Dadaab). The field visits, community feedback, and workshops, built upon the desk review, and served as the basis for the final report. In the final report, findings and trends observed during the field visits and discussed in the workshops were reconciled with the data analysed in the desk review to produce the findings and recommendations.
Complementary to the recommendations, Frameworks for Future Action were developed with the IA community, during the workshops in Nairobi and Dadaab, to guide future efforts aimed at improving the quality of the response.