Total people in need: 4,000,000
Total children (<18) in need: 1,720,000
Total people to be reached in 2017: 1,000,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 780,000
The food security and nutrition situation in Kenya has deteriorated significantly since the end of 2016, with the President of Kenya declaring a national disaster on 10 February 2017 due to the ongoing severe drought situation which is affecting 23 Arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) counties and other areas of the country. An estimated 4 million people are expected to be food insecure by April 2017, a 54 per cent increase from 2.6 million in February. There has also been a significant increase in the severe acute malnutrition (SAM) caseload, with 109,464 children under-five in need of treatment, up from 75,300 in August 2016. People are also facing an acute lack of water, with about 20 per cent of strategic water sources non-functioning, while the cost of water has increased up to tenfold. Daily per capita water consumption has decreased to 5 to 10 litres from an average of 15 to 20 litres, increasing tensions among communities. Ongoing cholera, measles and Kala-azar outbreaks are at risk of increasing. Due lack of food and water in schools, nearly 175,000 children in 10 counties are not attending classes. 10 An increase in the number of street children is also being reported. With elections scheduled for August, electoral violence could compound the situation. Drought-related refugee influxes from neighboring countries into Kakuma and Dadaab camps are also expected to increase
UNICEF has revised its humanitarian strategy for 2017, to focus primarily on scaling up interventions for existing populations and expanding to new areas to respond to the severe drought situation. The response will focus on strengthening sector coordination, situation monitoring, advocacy, and delivery of life-saving assistance in support of government-led efforts through different partnerships with government counterparts and NGOs. UNICEF has developed an integrated, multi-sectoral Drought Response Plan to respond to the lifesaving and protection needs of more than 780,000 children through mass screening and treatment for malnutrition; access to safe water through repair of strategic water points (more than doubling the initial target); strengthening disease prevention and response, focusing on cholera; supporting children to enrol and remain in school; and providing child protection and humanitarian cash transfer assistance services to improve food security for vulnerable households. UNICEF’s nutrition response continues to integrate humanitarian and development interventions through multi-sector convergence and programming for resilience. UNICEF is investing significantly in preparedness including with support to ongoing national and county level contingency planning processes and stocking in potential electoral violence hotspots and displacements areas.