Humanitarian Action for Children 2015: Kenya

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Kenya continues to face high levels of vulnerability to shocks including drought, floods, and internal and cross-border civil strife, especially among marginalized communities. These factors have contributed to devastating rates of chronic and acute malnutrition. Due to below-average rains, constrained food access and high food prices, over 1.5 million people who live mainly in the northern pastoral areas and the marginal agricultural areas of the country currently require food assistance. Malnutrition rates among children are high, with an acute malnutrition rate of above 20 per cent for pastoral children in Northern Kenya, with close to 310,000 children requiring treatment. Access to safe water is lowest mainly in the arid and semi-arid lands where food insecurity and malnutrition are rampant, predisposing households to water-borne diseases. For example, household water treatment is less than 10 per cent in Wajir (9.2 per cent) and West Pokot (6.7 per cent). Repeated episodes of intercommunal violence and flooding are disrupting schooling for displaced children, and hindering access to routine immunizations, maternal/neonatal care and nutritional services, leading to further vulnerabilities. Kenya remains susceptible to the current Ebola outbreak due to its position as a transit hub, its porous borders, poor public information and a weak health system. Refugee influx into the Kakuma Refugee Camp continues due to the insecurity in South Sudan. By October 2014, there were 43,940 newly arrived South Sudanese refugees, 29,743 of whom are children. Of these, one in four children under five are acutely malnourished and 7,298 are unaccompanied or separated, making them especially vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and unlikely to access schooling. UNICEF and partners are planning for an additional 30,000 new refugees from South Sudan in 2015.

2015 Programme Targets


  • 59,817 children under 5 suffering from severe acute malnutrition
  • 118,399 children under 5 suffering from moderate acute malnutrition


  • 1.2 million children under five years access an integrated package of interventions
  • 600,500 children under five access treatment for diarrheal disease


  • 150,000 internally displaced persons and host community members (including approximately 80,000 children) provided with safe water, and 100,000 with appropriate sanitation facilities
  • 150,000 emergency-affected persons benefiting from hygiene and sanitation promotion messages Child Protection
  • 60,000 children are provided with safe access to community spaces for socialization, play and learning


  • 70,000 school-aged children including adolescents have access to quality education (including through temporary structures) HIV and AIDS
  • 60,000 adolescents have access to HIV education