Garissa County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for March 2021

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators
▪ Minimal amount of rainfall was received in the county in the month of March 2021
▪ The 3-month VCI was 28.27 indicating moderate vegetation deficit and was below the long-term average for the month.
• Pasture condition was poor across all livelihood zones
• Both household distances and livestock trekking distances to water sources increased and were above the long-term average.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)
• Livestock body condition of cattle was fair to poor while that of sheep, goats and camels was fair to good.
• Average milk production was 2.1 litres against the long-term average of 2.4 litres.
• Milk consumption was at an average of 1.5 litres against the long-term average amount of 2.0 litres
• Market prices for all livestock species remained within the normal ranges.
• The terms of trade were 35.8 against the long-term average of 47.
• The mean coping strategy index (CSI) was 10.5 for the month
• Proportion of children below five years at risk of malnutrition was 7percent against the long-term mean of 14.3 percent
• The mean food consumption score was 39.4 compared to longterm average of 45.3