Garissa County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for March 2015

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The vegetation condition index value reduced from 23.86 in February to 15.66 in March which is the county moved from moderate drought category to severe drought category. The sub counties of Dadaab, Dujis (township) and Balambala recorded the worst values of 5.5 and 6.84 and 8.07 respectively which is in the extreme drought condition category, Lagdera and fafi are in severe drought condition category.

  • The state of water sources remained at 3. The communities are dependent on permanent water sources which have low yield or are congested.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

  • Livestock body conditions was between emaciated and poor for all livestock species with a score of 1- 2, this is anticipated to improve as the long rains have started in some parts of the county.

  • Milk production reduced from 23 litres from previous month to 20 litres due to drying of most lactating, drought stress from poor forage and long trekking distances. Households are dependent on powdered milk purchased from the market. The current price of a 750ml bottle of milk is kshs.75

  • The MUAC levels of 21.68%.was above the normal ranges and have an effect on children performance and growth.

Current Drought Risk: Medium

The county biophysical indicator shows it is severe drought condition category and with three sub counties in extreme drought condition, the performance of livestock greatly reduced and if the started long rains season performance dwindles then it is anticipated that the county will be affected acute food insecurity.