Garissa County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for December 2017


Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The average vegetation condition index for the county decreased from 28.83 and fall in the moderate vegetation deficit category.

  • The current average vegetation condition index is below the normal range of >35

  • Lagdera, Balambala and Township Sub Counties are in severe vegetation deficit category with an index of 10.33 ,12.01 and 19.31 respectively

  • Dadaab and Fafi sub counties are in moderate vegetation deficit category at 21.23 and 34.45 respectively

  • Water sources currently in use are boreholes, River Tana, Benane spring, water trucking and few water pans in the southern part of the county.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

  • 100 % of communities sampled reported fair livestock body condition,

  • Milk production recorded 12.40 litres which indicate below the normal of 36 litres.

  • The terms of trade recorded at 41.4kg of maize per sale of goat.

  • No livestock migration was reported

  • The return distance to water sources for livestock increased from 13km to 20.7km in the month under review.

  • The malnutrition rate of children under five years at risk based on MUAC reduced from 16.3% to 13.8% in the month under review, while the mid at risk levels increased from 5.6 % to 11.53%

  • In addition, moderately and severely malnourished levels increased from 1.1% to 3.2 % and 0.56% to 0.86% respectively