Evaluation of the Kenya Hunger Safety Net Programme, Phase 2, Impact Evaluation Qualitative Research Study - Round 1


The report summaries key findings from Hunger Safety Net Programme Phase 2 Qualitative impact study conducted in August 2016. The report integrates interesting infographics that depict the findings in an easy to read and understand format.


There are four main cash transfer (CT) programmes in Kenya, which are implemented by two ministries: the Ministry of Labour, and East African Affairs7 (MLEAA; formerly the Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Services) and the Ministry of Devolution and Planning (MDP). The three programmes housed in the MLEAA are: the Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Programme (CT-OVC) in the Department of Children’s Services; the Older Person Cash Transfer Programme (OPCT); and the Cash Transfer Programme for People with Severe Disability (CT-PWSD), both in the Department of Social Development. The HSNP sits in the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) within the MDP.

The three MLEAA CTs currently operate in 47 counties across Kenya, including the four HSNP counties. Within these four counties, there is currently not much overlap between the various programmes, though each of the MLEAA CTs have defined expansion plans that are due to be met in 2015/16 and 2016/17 .

Following the Kenya National Social Protection Strategy (2011) the government has established the National Safety Net Programme (NSNP.) The aim is to create a framework around which the four main cash transfer programmes (CT-OVC, OPCT, CT-PWSD and HSNP) will be increasingly coordinated and harmonised. The NSNP has three objectives that aim to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of safety net support to poor and vulnerable populations in Kenya:

  1. create robust and transparent systems for targeting, registration, payments, case management and monitoring, and strengthen the overall governance of the programmes;

  2. harmonise the four CT programmes to improve the coherence of the sector; and 3. expand the coverage of the four programmes in a coordinated manner to progressively realise the right to safety net support. The NSNP is thus the first step in a longer-term reform agenda that aims to establish a national safety net system as part of an integrated approach to delivering social protection services nationally. The Social Protection Secretariat, a body created by the National Social Protection Policy, provides sector-wide oversight and coordination.

The NSNP is supported by the World Bank’s Programme for Results (P4R). Some of the indicators that trigger payments to the GoK under the P4R rely on data from the HSNP programme and its evaluation.