Kenya

Evaluation of DG Echo's Funded Actions in Kenya (2008-2009): Funding nutrition and livelihood support within drought responses - Final Report

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ABSTRACT

This external evaluation was commissioned in order to judge the success of the DG ECHO funded 2008/09 drought response projects in Kenya, and to draw lessons for future humanitarian responses. The evaluation covered 34 contracts with 30 IPs for a total value of € 47.7 million. The main focus of the evaluation has been on nutrition, food assistance, cash & voucher schemes, and emergency livelihood support interventions.

The funded interventions are coherent with the two main Government of Kenya models for malnutrition and drought response interventions in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands: (a) integrated treatment of acute malnutrition (IMAM) established in 2009; and (b) drought cycle management (DCM) which is a long running approach with core funding from the World Bank. The nutrition support mainly concentrated on five districts with high GAM rates with main focus on the relief phase. The DCM-oriented livelihood support projects had a larger coverage, both geographically and in terms of beneficiary numbers. Effective coordination of the drought response took place at national level (Kenyan Food Security Steering Group, Nutrition Technical Forum, etc.) and at district level (District Steering Groups chaired by Ministry of Arid Lands). However, the nutrition knowledge base is rated to be weak and in need of improvement.

While the DG ECHO funded interventions were seen as relevant and appropriate, it was highlighted during community interviews that within drought responses there should be a greater focus on water provision, animal feed and seed distribution. The projects that were funded by DG ECHO generally achieved good results and contributed to the protection of the lives and good health of malnourished individuals and to the protection of livelihoods of vulnerable households in the ASALs. Nearly all projects were aimed at strengthening of GoK structures. Although there is limited investment in service delivery from the side of GoK, this is particularly important to boost morale and outputs at times of high needs. Community-based drought management is the other mechanism that was deployed in order to increase sustainability, both for nutrition support and for livelihood support.