DREF Operation final report- Kenya: Fires 2011


CHF 205,575 was allocated from the Federation’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in replenishing non food items used in delivering immediate assistance to some 4,667 households affected by fires for a period of one month.

Summary: The increase in the incidence of fire in the country since 2009 is attributed to various factors including human error and carelessness, overcrowding in informal settlements, lack of access roads and fire fighting services, as well as declining environment, among others. The absence of a well-coordinated urban crisis preparedness mechanism further undermines efficiency and timeliness of actors during response.

Rapid assessments carried out by the Kenya Red Cross Society during the reporting period indicated that at least 25 fatalities were recorded with approximately 4,667 households affected by the fires either through the loss of homes or through injuries. The assessment further highlighted several factors that influenced how the intervention was implemented. First, given the nature of informal settlements, the number of people affected is usually high even for small fires. Secondly, the needs identified during assessments are varied and go beyond fire safety issues. The importance of implementation of a cross sectional intervention that includes issues of first aid response, hospital transfer support, psychosocial support, distribution of food and non food items to individuals is therefore heightened in every operation. Thirdly, assessment teams found that children comprise a large portion of those affected by fires— especially in informal settlements, thereby necessitating an intervention that takes protection issues on board given children’s special needs.

Following the rash of fires, the National Society mobilized staff and volunteers to respond through recovery of mortal remains, rapid assessments, registration and verification of beneficiaries, distribution of food and non-food items, provision of First Aid and hospital transfers, tracing of missing persons and provision of psychosocial support. DREF resources assisted in the intervention by supporting the Food distribution. Photo/KRCS replenishment of non-food items used in disaster response operations during the reporting period. All 4,667 targeted households were reached, including 3,259 households from Mukuru Fuata Nyayo, 1,243 from Suswa Deep Sea Village Park, 83 from Line Saba and 82 households from Katuekera Olympic in Kibera. Each family was targeted to receive 2 blankets, 1 set of kitchen items, 2 mosquito nets, 2 water jerry cans and a tarpaulin.