Kenya + 5 more

Disaster Response Update Feb-March 2006


The Disaster Response Update (DRU)(1) is compiled by the International Federation's Operation's Support Department (OSD) in coordination with the Regional Reporting Units (RRU's) located in: Nairobi (covering Africa), Kuala Lumpur (covering Asia & the Pacific), Panama (covering the Americas), and Ankara (covering Europe, and the Middle East & North Africa).

Key events during this period.

Overview of the Federation's emergency response - 2005 & 2006, by year,by region, world-wide).

Emergency Appeals.

- "At-a-Glance - Current Emergency Appeals (by region).

- Key Facts and Figures - Summary of Ongoing Emergency Appeal Operations (by year).

Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF).

- DREF Allocation Statistics, and Allocations in 2006 and 2005.

- Comparative Analysis of DREF Support to Emergencies and Small- Scale Disasters, 2003-2005.

- Growth of DREF Allocations (per year, 2003-2005).


The following operations are highlighted:

East Africa: Drought. Country-based appeals for Kenya, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Burundi.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and its members are working to prevent an evolving food insecurity situation in pockets around the region turning into a general famine with horrific consequences. The International Federation has now issued five emergency appeals totalling 20 million Swiss francs (EUR 12.7 million/US 15.4 million) to support vulnerable people in some of the worst-affected countries - Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Rwanda and Burundi. Activities include livestock protection, food distribution, water and sanitation and health activities in all countries.

The International Federation, working with its member National Societies in the region, estimates that more than 11 million people are in desperate need for assistance. In line with the capacity of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in East Africa, and considering the operations already underway by other national and international agencies, the International Federation plans to provide direct support to more than 800,000 vulnerable people over the next 6-12 months.

To help tackle the enormous task already underway by the national societies and the Federation, the Regional delegation in Nairobi has set up a regional Food Security Unit which will oversee the operations to support the National Societies in the region. See appeals on

Pakistan: Earthquake. Appeal revision - moving from relief to recovery.

Six months after the deadly Pakistan earthquake, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is stressing the importance of enabling survivors to decide for themselves what their reconstructed communities will look like.

Now that winter has ended and people are starting to return to where they once lived, the focus of the humanitarian operation has begun shifting from relief to recovery. The International Federation has revised its initial emergency appeal upwards from 152 million Swiss francs ($117 million USD or € 98 million) to just over 227 million Swiss francs ($172 million USD/ € 145 million) to include the recovery phase. The initial appeal for 152 million Swiss francs is now 83 per cent covered. By the end of February the Federation had spent almost 89 million Swiss francs. Therefore the additional amount required is 100 million Swiss francs.

The additional funds will be used to support the Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) in assisting more than one million people to rebuild their lives and communities over the next three years. The recovery plan includes the improvement of primary health care services, the reconstruction of vital public infrastructures, such as schools, water, sanitation, and health facilities, and increasing the capacity of the PRCS to carry out the recovery efforts and deal with future disasters, such as landslides and flooding caused by spring rains.


(1) The DRU is a compilation of disaster response-related information intended to provide a quick-reference guide on the International Federation's current relief operations, the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF), and general emergency response statistics. The DRU reflects information primarily of an internal nature, designed for donors. Federation staff, delegates, partners, and volunteers. The DRU is also intended to be used as a promotional tool to focus on under-funded operations to increase vital support and assistance to the intended beneficiaries. The DRU complements information on the Federation's public website at page or its Disaster Management Information System (DMIS) at page <

For further information related to the DRU contents, please contact the following:

Pierre de Rochefort; Coordinator, Disaster's Information Unit (DIU); phone: +41 22 730 4303; Mobile: +41 79 217 3385; Email:
Frederic Zanetta; Disaster's Information Officer; Phone +41 22 730 4291; mobile: +41 79 332 4717; Email:

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

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