The objective of this research is to assess the opportunities posed by the political process for potential solutions in Kenya’s key refugee-hosting counties of Turkana and Garissa. It firstly analyses opportunities presented by devolution which can contribute to the increased self-reliance of refugees. Secondly it focuses on the architecture of devolution in relation to refugee affairs, through the provision of a manual which analyses the legal framework, institutional structures, actors and processes of devolution.
Protracted displacement is on the rise in the East and Horn of Africa, reflective of a global trend.
Subsequently the search for solutions to protracted displacement is increasingly high on the agenda of states, donors and key stakeholders working on forced migration, displacement and solutions in the region.
This report is part of a cycle of studies commissioned by the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS)1 to build an evidence base, enabling humanitarian and development actors to develop informed strategies on displacement and solutions. In the heated political and security environment regarding refugees in the region, this research is timely and relevant.
Kenya’s devolution is among the most rapid and ambitious processes taking place globally, providing governance challenges and opportunities as new county governments are built. Devolution is likely to significantly change the management of humanitarian and development issues in the country. In turn it could lead to both challenges and opportunities in the management of refugee affairs, and in self-reliance prospects for refugees, prior to the realisation of permanent and sustainable solutions. This research identifies potential entry points in programming, advocacy and knowledge building which can mutually benefit county governments, refugees and host communities alike.