Functioning and integrated markets are key prerequisites for using a market-based approach for providing food assistance. For cash or voucher transfers to work, people must be able to buy what they need in their local markets and markets must have the capacity to respond to increased demand through increased supply rather than through increased prices. This study aims to achieve an understanding of the market systems in the refugee camps, as well as explore the feasibility of delivery mechanisms.
Analysis was based on the study of both primary and secondary sources. Primary markets data was collected using traders and key informants questionnaires (including market committees, local government officials and partners with experience in cash interventions). Data collection was conducted by 16 enumerators in each refugee camp from March 10 to March 20 2014. 124 retailers, 36 wholesalers and 6 key informant groups were interviewed in Dadaab; and 173 retailers, 25 wholesalers and 5 key informants groups in Kakuma.
Field work for the gender dynamics section was conducted separately so as to avoid any association with a potential WFP intervention. Data collected for this section was qualitative in nature, and consisted of face-to-face interviews and use of participatory tools, with a total of 30 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 21 key informant interviews with the refugee communities living in Dadaab and Kakuma camps.