Kenya + 2 more

Crop yield monitoring bulletin in Eastern Africa - Feb 2006

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PASTURE SEVERELY AFFECTED IN NORTH EASTERN KENYA, SOUTH SOMALIA AND SOUTH-EASTERN ETHIOPIA
The pastoralist areas of North Eastern Kenya, South Somalia and Southeastern Ethiopia have been seriously affected by drought; the situation is critical in Kenya due to the fact that this is the second year that vegetation activity in the northeastern areas is far below normal. The situation is deteriorating also in the neighboring countries (Somali region in Ethiopia) and is not expected to improve until the onset of the next rainy season in March/April.

The area affected is circled in Figure 1- a. In this region, the rainfall distribution is bi-modal as shown in Figure 1-b. The second rainy season (October- December) is crucial for reestablishment of water reserves and pasture. However, the season is currently failing in this area; and the circle is expanding and including the neighboring areas of Ethiopia (Somali region).

Figure 1-a, was obtained extracting the maximum NDVI over the series of images from October 2005 up to February 2006 and calculating the difference with the long term NDVI maximum.





Figure 1. (a) Difference of the maximum NDVI with the long term NDVI maximum. (b) Bi-modal rainfall characteristic of the circled area.

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