Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No. 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid' and in particular Article 2 and Article 15(2) thereof,
In the Horn of Africa at least 16 million people are in need o f humanitarian and food assistance due to a combination of prolonged drought, recurring conflict, the global financial crisis, continued high food prices and subsequent rising food insecurity.
(2) The funds allocated so far by the Commission and other donors for the Horn of Africa, even if quite substantial, are not sufficient to cover the huge humanitarian needs of the region. There is a substantial financial gap in term of food aid and nutrition interventions to be supported in response to the on-going drought-related crisis. In addition, other sectors - like emergency food security, health and water and sanitation - are targeted to provide a comprehensive and coherent response to the needs of the most vulnerable populations of the Horn of Africa.
To reach populations in need, humanitarian aid should be channelled through Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and International Organisations including United Nations (UN) agencies. Therefore the European Commission should implement the budget by direct centralized management or by joint management;
(4) An assessment of the humanitarian situation leads to the conclusion that humanitarian aid Actions should be financed by the European Union for a period of 12 months;
(5) For the purposes of this Decision, the Horn of Africa countries involved are Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda;