In March 2017, the consultancy firm Images and Imaginations was commissioned by Search for Common Ground (Search) to undertake a baseline study for its two interrelated projects of ‘Justice for Peace’ and ‘Inuka’, implemented in coastal Kenya. The main purpose of this evaluation is to conduct a combined baseline for the two projects:
Justice for Peace: Preventing Violent Extremism through Constructive Engagement between Criminal Justice Sector Actors and Communities in Kenya
Inuka! Supporting Vulnerable Youth to Participate in Community Peace and Security Efforts in Coastal Kenya.
The study pursued the following specific objectives:
Analyze the current context, with regards to drivers and risk factors of VE in the target areas; particularly analyzing how the policy environment is engaging different project target groups in responses to VE, and the extent to which they are successful;
Assess the projects’ Objectives, Indicators and Theories of Change (TOC);
Draw upon lessons learned to form recommendations for peacebuilding and CVE programming, particularly with youth and with justice actors.
Conduct a risk assessment and draw recommendations for programming to ensure “Do No Harm” and conflict sensitivity are respected in the project.
To better understand the manifestation and current responses to VE in the target areas, the research team used a bottom-up approach, combining mixed quantitative and qualitative research methods. We asked 115 randomly selected individuals through a survey, and another 86 individuals through Focused Group Discussions (FGD) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs), what their understanding of drivers of violent extremism (VE) were, avenues they had used to respond to them, and whether they were willing to be part of a collaborative engagement project working with the state law enforcement agencies, judiciary and local actors. A total of 4 community surveys, 6 focus group discussions with women, girls, men and boys, as well as 10 semi-structured key informant interviews were held.