Kenya + 4 more

Breaking Africa's cycle of famine

USAID Programs Expand in Support of the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program

Background

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), a program of the African Union, is a pledge by African leaders to place their countries on the path of sustainable growth and development and to participate in the global economy. In June 2005, African Heads of State and Government under the auspices of NEPAD, endorsed targeted outcomes for the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program (CAADP), an integrated agricultural framework that promotes the critical role of agricultural development as a means to eliminate hunger, reduce poverty and food insecurity, increase trade and promote wealth. The core objective of CAADP is to achieve 6 percent annual growth rate in agriculture, sustained over time.

With this endorsement embraced, the vision, voice and commitment of African leadership to tackle poverty, hunger and the prospects of famine is clearer now than ever before. Good governance and economic growth are the strategies toward building wealth, resiliency and capacity for all of Africa to achieve social, environmental and economic change.

The U.S. Commitment to CAADP

To accelerate the CAADP strategy, the U.S. Agency for International Development, (USAID) will align specific programs in support of this African vision of sub-Saharan Africa's transformation and economic growth. Specifically to back the African-led implementation of the integrated agricultural framework that is CAADP, USAID will allocate agency resources over five years to support the ongoing Presidential Initiative to End Hunger in Africa. USAID will program approximately $200 million in fiscal year 2006 for the first year of a five-year effort that will span from 2006 to 2010. USAID expects similar commitments over each of the next five years.

USAID Will Align with the CAADP Framework

In the near term, USAID will support actions in CAADP priority areas:

  • Building economic governance that will create the conditions for agriculture to flourish and reinforce a peer review process to ensure mutual accountability in the utilization of domestic and foreign development resources.

  • Growing private sector agribusiness investment in African agriculture by expanding alliances among public and private groups, including farmer-based organizations.

  • Bringing the power of markets (domestic, regional and global) to rural communities and households in Africa through agricultural trade liberalization and capacity building. The framework and efforts to support it will directly enhance Africa's ability to benefit from and participate in global trade and world trade agreements in agriculture.

  • Harnessing science and technology to support small holder agriculture and stimulate employment and investment in the agricultural sector.

  • Meeting nutritional needs and build assets of the persistently poor and hungry to increase their ability to participate in economic growth processes.

  • Expanding the area under sustainable land and water management to support agriculture.

How USAID will Operationalize Support for CAADP

Working closely with the African Union's New Partnership for Africa's Development (AU/NEPAD), USAID and other donors will:

  • Establish a CAADP process and investment plan in those countries that are meeting their pledges to increase support for and attention to the agriculture sector. In 2006, USAID will work with NEPAD and other donors in up to six countries to support CAADP;

  • Establish multi-donor efforts in hunger hot-spots - countries consistently threatened by famine. In addition, donors will develop a process and plan to address the policy and technical barriers that are making countries famine prone and ultimately integrate them into the CAADP. In 2006, we will work with two or three countries;

  • Support AU/NEPAD's CAADP implementation through regional economic communities that will build the regional dynamics for achieving agricultural growth and increase the availability of and access to food within regions; and

  • Support the strengthening of African regional and continental organizations to oversee, manage, and lead the CAADP implementation process.

CAADP will enable AU/NEPAD to build a global multi-donor partnership that will align with African agriculture resources and development framework, help African leaders create the conditions needed to achieve a 6 percent agricultural growth rate per year, integrate the poor and break the cycle of famine.

How CAADP Advances the President's Initiative to End Hunger in Africa

The U.S. has long supported higher agricultural productivity in Africa. Consistent with CAADP's agricultural objectives, USAID's Initiative to End Hunger in Africa calls for a rapid and sustainable increase in agricultural growth and rural incomes to reduce hunger and poverty. To ensure long-term sustainability, the Initiative calls for a strong global partnership with African leaders and governments, and recognizes the importance of investing in health, education, infrastructure, environment, and public policy management. Aimed at halving the number of hungry people in Africa by 2015 - consistent with the millennium declaration -- the Initiative is currently active in six countries: Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Uganda, and Zambia.

The U.S. Agency for International Development has provided economic and humanitarian assistance worldwide for more than 40 years.

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