Kenya

Baringo District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, March 2007

Attachments

Situation Overview

No showers were received during the month in the District; this resulted to negative impact on the grazing resources and water sources.

As a result of the dry spell quality and quantity of forage has deteriorated. Water availability for both human and livestock worsened. Body condition of livestock is good. However milk production slightly improved owing to minimal birth rate reported from the animals.

The average prices of livestock decreased in all the species owing to low demand and closure of all animal markets in the District. However prices in Poultry increased due to better demand. The outbreak of suspected Rift valley fever reported in areas of Ngambo and Kiserian areas in the district in late January lead to the closure of all livestock markets in the district. This has greatly deprived the pastoralists' communities of their source of livelihoods as they can't sell their livestock to earn a living. They are surviving at the moment on scarce wild foods, borrowing and donations from relatives / friends & well wishers. They have to be supported by emergency food supplies urgently.

The average prices of food crops and other commodities generally decreased during the month owing to adequate stock supplies to the markets from neighboring districts and lack of money to purchase the same. Casual labour and petty trade (local beer brewing e.t.c.) was the most important sources of income for most sampled households during the month followed by minimal sale of livestock. The general nutritional status of children MUAC % decreased during the month owing to improved milk availability at household level, preference given to children.

Recommendations to district authorities/ DSG and national KFSSG

- The veterinary department/ Agencies should step up support to the livestock health sub-sector through vaccinations and treatment of clinical cases. In particular, action should be directed to Tick-borne diseases (ECF) and Mange disease upsurge in the pastoral and the Agro-pastoral livelihood zones.

- The DMOH should institute measures to arrest the outbreak of Measles disease reported in Loiwat Location and Komolion areas of the District.

- Emergency Relief foods should be supplied urgently by the GOK to all pastoralists' communities in the district as all livestock markets were ordered closed yet this was their sole source of income.

- The District Public Works Engineer should urgently repair the roads damaged during the short rains season especially Marigat - Chemolingot - Kolloa and the Kerio valley roads to ensure food supplies and other needs reach these areas.

Current interventions

1) Non-food interventions

- Construction of weir and canal in Mosiro irrigation scheme in Mukutani division.

- Construction of water tank in Sabor community.

- Community awareness campaigns against the Rift Valley Fever outbreak by various stakeholders in Marigat and Mukutani divisions.

- Construction of soil conservation structures in Ngoron community.

- Construction of Moinonin water pan in sibilo location.

- Purchase and distribution of 800 K.T.B.H. (Bee hives) to Kaptuya and Kapunyany communities.

2) Food Aid

- Relief food distribution by O.O.P.

DSG meeting and Recommendations

The DSG held their meetings on 8thand 15th March 2007 and the following recommendations were made.

- 136,468 persons recommended to benefit from relief foods in the District as their livelihood was affected by RVF.

- The District Public Works Engineer repair urgently the roads damaged during the short rains season.