Kenya

Baringo District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, April 2006

Attachments

Situation Overview

ENVIROMENTAL INDICATORS

A total of 54mm rainfall was received during the month that made some impact on the grazing resources.

Forage quality is improving though quantity is insufficient.

Water currently in use is Rivers, Traditional River wells, Pans and Dams, Boreholes, lakes and springs.

Most of the water sources are almost normalizing owing to the rainfall received during the month.

Distances to and from water sources both for domestic and livestock use reduced from the previous month's average of 6.0 km. to 4.0 km.

RURAL ECONOMY INDICATORS

Livestock body condition is fair for cattle while is worse for goats and sheep due to persistent effects of the drought that has just ended and insufficient browse and pasture.

Livestock diseases are still persistent; C.C.P.P. disease out- break was reported in Marigat, Bartabwa, Kipsaraman, Tangulbei and Nginyang divisions of the project area.

Livestock prices decreased in all the species except for Camels during the review month due to poor body condition of the animals.

Food crop prices and other commodities remained constant compared to the previous month due to high demand at the moment.

HUMAN WELFARE INDICATORS

Household milk consumption is still very low due to diminished production from the animals in the review month as a result of insufficient pasture and browse.

Terms of trade for the pastoralists remained worse in the review month

Malnutrition rate percentage amongst the under five children decreased slightly during the month owing to availability of supplementary foods in some households and reduction of malaria and diarrhea cases.

Livestock migration was high during the month due to search of pasture and browse at the wet season grazing areas.

Human diseases reported in the project area were malaria, Aneamia, Kala-azar and diarrhea.

OTHER ISSUES:

Food supplies and emergency relief foods do not reach Kamrio centre in Akoret location owing to bad road network.

Some households have to survive on casual labour and gifts to make the ends meet owing to loss of livestock to drought while others still survive on wild foods or skip meals as a coping strategy.

The food security situation in the project area is worse. This is because the prices of maize and beans are high and the supply of milk which forms a major proportion of the diet for the pastoralists has declined to the point where it's virtually unavailable as cattle have migrated in search of pasture.

Herders are moving from Laikipia and Turkana into the district. While others moved from the district to Marakwet, West Pokot and Keiyo. Internally, the movement is towards Lake Baringo, Kerio River, L. Bogoria, Amaya, Mukutani, Kiserian, Kapeddo, Tiyatiy hills and Korossi hills for water and pasture.

The security situation in the project area is tense following the deployment of security operation forces to crack down on cattle rustlers' culprits and recovery of illegal fire arms along the shoping centres of Churo, Amaya and Nasurut bordering Laikipia, Samburu and Turkana districts. This has led to displacement of people from homes, destruction of property, unattended farms, loss of human life and loss of livestock.

ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS

1.1 Rainfall

Rainfall of 54mm was received during the month that made some impact on the grazing resources.

1.2 Forage (Pasture and Browse)

The quality of browse and pasture is fair, however the pastures have not germinated quite well to enable the

livestock feed on it satisfactorily hence quantity is insufficient.

1.3 Access to water

1.3.1 Water sources

The water sources currently in use by livestock and human beings are Rivers, Traditional River wells, Pans and Dams, Boreholes, Lakes and springs. Compared with the previous month the water situation is improving.

1.3.2 Average distance (Kms) to water sources

The average return distance from grazing areas to main water sources was 4.0 km; the distance has reduced compared to the previous month. The average return distances from households to main water sources also was 3.0 km and the distance reduced compared to the previous month. The return time taken to the water sources reduced to 1 1/2 hrs on average.

The indicators will positively affect food security in the project area as the distances covered reduced and the time taken to the sources also reduced.

2. RURAL ECONOMY INDICATORS

2.1. Livestock body condition is fair for cattle while is worse for the small stock (goats & sheep) owing to the effects of the drought that has just ended coupled with insufficient pasture and browse at this time. However goats and sheep continued dying due to unending effects of the just ended drought.

2.2 Livestock diseases have generally subsided though others have remained persistent and affected them as follows:

Cattle - ECF

Camel - No disease reported

Goats - CCPP/ diarrhea/ pox

Sheep - Diarrhea/ pox

The situation is not normal at this time of the year owing to the outbreak of C.C.P.P. disease in Marigat, Tangulbei, Kipsaraman, Bartabwa and Nginyang divisions of the project area.

2.3 Average livestock prices decreased in all the species except for camel compared to the previous month.

This is attributed to worsening body condition of the animals due to persistent effects of the just ended drought in the project area. Also livestock buyers have colluded to purchase the animals at low prices to take advantage of the poor condition of the animals' body. Livestock prices were however higher in Mukutani and Marigat and were lower in Kipsaraman, Nginyang, Bartabwa, Kolowa and Tangulbei divisions.

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