This report provides an in-depth assessment of the targeting mechanisms used for the cash and food for assets programme by WFP and the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA). It aims to answer the following questions: How effective are the targeting mechanisms in reaching food insecure and vulnerable households? What are the costs of targeting? What systems exist for dealing with grievances and appeals, and for monitoring of targeting? The methodology involved a mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches, including: key informant interviews with different stakeholders; field research in 11 communities across three counties; and statistical analysis of data from Kenya’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS), the twice-yearly food security assessments known as the long and short rains assessments (LRA/SRA), and other administrative sources.
WFP Kenya launched the asset creation programme in 2003 as a means of gradually reorienting its programmatic focus from delivering emergency food assistance in drought- stricken or food insecure areas towards restoring and building natural and physical assets that can boost communities’ chances to withstand recurrent shocks. Initially, those working on the assets were given a food ration to help meet their food consumption needs (known as food for assets). Since 2011, WFP and the NDMA have been rolling out the use of cash as the preferred transfer modality in semi-arid lands (known as cash for assets). The asset creation programme uses a combination of two types of targeting mechanisms: the first one defines the geographical boundaries of the programme and allocation of resources, while the second one selects households using community-based participatory methods (see Section 3 of the report for a detailed overview of the different steps in the targeting methods and processes). The programme is currently reaching approximately 117,000 households across 13 counties in the country.