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ACT Appeal: Response to South Sudan refugee arrivals in Kenya – KEN151

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Appeal Target: US$ 993,006

Balance Requested: US$ 991,075

Geneva, 25 February 2015

Dear Colleagues,

Since more than 12 months hostilities have affected the South Sudanese population, steaming from a power struggle between the incumbent President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Dr. Riek Machar. On the evening of the 15th December 2013 violence erupted in Juba when Mr. Kiir accused Mr. Machar of staging a coup. This violence has since prevailed.

Until today over 1.5 million people have been internally displaced (UN OCHA) and more than 630,000 have fled to the neighbouring countries of Kenya, Sudan, Uganda and Ethiopia (UNHCR) due to the ongoing and often ethnically based violence between Dinka and Nuer tribes, as well as an increasing threat of food insecurity. While the political negotiations continued throughout the year 2014, following an agreement to cease hostilities in January 2015, the situation on the ground is yet to change. As the political situation remains fragile, people keep fleeing to the neighbouring countries. General elections planned for around July 2015 shed fear that political mistrust and tension will result in a humanitarian emergency already before, in the midst, and also after the elections. Gross scale displacement and refugee influxes to the neighbouring countries, Kenya being one of these, is anticipated. Even if the political situation remains calm in light of the peace talks and the impending elections, the humanitarian impact will still be felt throughout the year 2015.

ACT members in Kenya continue to meet and coordinate, also with other agencies, such as, UNHCR and WFP in Kakuma. For the year 2015, UN agencies estimate that 30,000 new arrivals, mainly children under 18, will seek refuge in Kakuma camp. As estimations of new arrivals differ and could rise up to 100,000 people, LWF and NCCK Kakuma prepare for an influx of 30,000 refugees throughout the year, with a higher influx in during the first quarter of 2015. The overall goal of the response in Kenya is to provide basic support and protection to newly arrived refugees once they reach Kakuma refugee camp.

As the majority is expected to be under the age of 18, activities of LWF comprise the emergency response to 30,000 new arrivals including the provision of basic needs such as water, emergency education for 20,000 children, protection and psychosocial support, while NCCK will focus on shelter.