Kenya

ACT Alliance Appeal: "Drought Response in Kenya" - KEN 171

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Drought Response in Kenya 2017 - (KEN 171)

Appeal Target: US$ 4,684,059

Balance Requested: US$ 4,541,733

II. OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

  1. THE CRISIS:

Kenya is facing a drought emergency confirmed by early warning information sources. Food and water scarcity has reached levels of concern and this scarcity is predicted to intensify into early 2017. Immediate causes of drought in Kenya include a late onset of 2016 short rains, which were also brief and weak.

Coordination of drought response is currently being done by the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) is a State Corporation established by the National Drought Management Authority Act, 2016. The Authority is a semi-autonomous and specialized agency in the Ministry of Devolution and Planning mandated to coordinate drought risk management and establish mechanisms, either on its own or with stakeholders, to end drought emergencies. Kenya’s government drought management agency, National Drought Management Authority, (NDMA) has field monitors who collect information every two weeks to collect information at sentinel sites across 23 arid and semi-arid counties. This information is complemented by information from other sources, including satellite data and assessments conducted by development partners in each County. NDMA continues to hold the mandate to improve synergies among stakeholder’s efforts, and ACT Kenya forum emergency working group members actively participate in coordination mechanisms within the UN cluster system while ACT Kenya forum local partners and office branches work closely and coordinating their efforts with NDMA sub county offices to fill gaps in interventions that support the intervention.

Many of those affected include elderly persons, the sick; mothers and children under the age of five .
Experts also express concern that Kenya’s drought is worsened by the fact that most pastoral communities did not get a chance to recover from 2014-2016 continuous dry spells. Health and nutrition status of children, though seemingly stable in some counties, is likely to deteriorate since most families are experiencing poor food consumption. Within pastoral communities, for example, milk from livestock is becoming less available. Peace and conflict resolution interventions are also being done to facilitate inter community peace dialogues for peaceful co-existence and sharing of limited resources especially of pasture and water. The food security situation in Kenya has continued to worsen over the past two months. For counties where both the long rains and the short rains were below normal, conditions are already very poor. For all other counties, particularly the arid, conditions will deteriorate sharply now that there is no prospect of further rainfall until March or April .

According to a recent NDMA Drought resilience newsletter the number of those affected by drought has risen from 1.3 million in August 2016 to 2.7 million in February 2017 following below average performance of 2016 short rains.