Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan: Appeal No. MAAKZ001 2009-2010 - Programme Update No.1

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Situation Report
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This report covers the period 01/01/09 to 30/06/09.

In brief

Programme purpose: The Kazakhstan Red Crescent programmes are aligned with the Global Agenda goals to reduce the number of deaths, injuries, and impact from disasters; to reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies; to increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability; and to reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Programmes summary: The disaster management programme has strengthened the coping capacities of the populations living in disaster prone areas by increasing community awareness of actions to take in case of a disaster and reduced their vulnerability by implementing small-scale mitigation projects. Besides, the National Society of Kazakhstan built its own capacities to respond to emergencies by improving the staff and volunteers' knowledge and skills in disaster management, building emergency stocks, strengthening partnerships with public authorities and other stakeholders and establishing effective mechanisms for emergency response and recovery assistance. In the first half of 2009 the Kazakhstan Red Crescent provided assistance to people affected by small-scale disasters, namely domestic fires, earthquake, floods and mudslides. Two trained members of the regional disaster response team from the Kazakhstan Red Crescent participated in the emergency relief operation of the Tajikistan Red Crescent, assisting people affected by mudslides and floods.

As a member of the Red Cross Red Crescent Disaster Risk Reduction Global Alliance (DRR GA) the National Society conducted the capacity self-assessment and baseline analysis and proceeded to the development of the DRR programme and the capacity-building.

Within the HIV prevention programme the National Society has been providing peer to peer education, awareness-raising sessions and harm reduction services to the target groups: young people, military men, migrants, sex workers, injecting drug users, and people living with HIV (PLHIV). The National Society is a member of the Red Ross Red Crescent Global Alliance on HIV; however the current level of resources raised through the secretariat plan and bilaterally is not enough to ensure the planned scale-up.

The Tuberculosis (TB) prevention programme provides direct observation of treatment, social, psychological support and counselling to people with TB and multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) so as to encourage adherence to treatment. The National Society has eight multi-disciplinary teams that ensured social, psychological, and legal support to people with HIV/TB co-infection. The general population is reached through information and education sessions. Low coverage and losses on income led to the reduction of spending on social support and other activities this year.

The community-based health and first aid targets rural communities. Education sessions and distribution of information materials on newborn health and care (including immunization), most common diseases, and hygiene and sanitation practices and basic first-aid trainings are provided. The focus is on women of reproductive age.

The position of the information officer, who covers the principles and values programme, has been vacant in the National Society since the beginning of 2009. As a result, there was no proper coordination and many planned activities have not been implemented. Lack of funds (except for the migration project) has also hampered the implementation. Within the new migration component three information and education centres have been established by the Red Crescent to render social assistance to migrants and their families. In the first half of 2009 the centres served 480 irregular migrants.

In terms of capacity-building the National Society determined the major needs in the area of human resources management and assigned a focal point who will be leading the development process. The National Society was successful in attracting resources from the Empress Shoken Fund for the financial management improvements. Besides, a discount price for the first external financial audit of the National Society has been agreed with PricewaterhouseCoopers; the audit is scheduled for August. The National Society is behind the schedule with the implementation of the statute adopted back in 2007: so far no elections have been held to establish the governing boards at all levels. This year there has been no separate funding received for the youth programme so only major youth activities are supported from the organizational development programme.

Financial situation: The initial 2009 budget was CHF 1,514,128. It was revised to CHF 1,749,859 (USD 1,612,223 or EUR 1,147,659) to accommodate the income meant for the regional level expenses under the organizational development programme. Out of the 2009 budget, 79 per cent is covered. Expenditure overall was 55 per cent versus funding.

No. of people we help: In total about 56,280 people benefited directly from the secretariat-supported programmes with the funds provided by the donors.