Programme purpose: The Central Asian programmes are aligned with the Global Agenda goals to reduce the number of deaths, injuries, and impact from disasters; to reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies; to increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability; and to reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.
Programmes summary: The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies' secretariat supported the programmes of the National Societies in disaster management, health and care, organizational development and principles and values. The disaster management programme continued strengthening the coping capacities of the populations living in disaster-prone areas and building the National Societies' capacities to respond to emergencies. In the first half of 2008 there were several operations initiated by the Red Crescent Societies that required additional funds through the International Federation's disaster response mechnisms. The response operations drew attention away from the regular community-based activities of the affected branches, thereby slightly hampering progress.
In health and care the Red Crescent Societies of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan proceeded to the development of their HIV country programmes that are part of the Red Cross Red Crescent Global Alliance on HIV. The programmes that aim at scaling up the HIV services and outreach by Global Alliance members are expected to be rolled out in 2009. Meanwhile, the Red Crescent Societies continue providing harm reduction services, spreading information on HIV among key populations at higher risk, young people and wider populations. The Tuberculosis prevention work targeted vulnerable sick people with psychosocial support and informed the general public about the disease and available treatment.
The evaluation of the governance and management division component of the regional organizational development programme has been carried out and its results fed into the plans of the International Federation's secretariat capacity-building support for the rest of 2008 and beyond.
The promotion of the humanitarian principles and values reached vulnerable communities served by the National Societies and decision-makers and public alike. The planned actions tackling genderbased violence are yet to be elaborated but mapping of actors has been done by the National Societies and a working group has been formed and is working on a questionnaire for the community survey.
Financial situation: Total 2008 budget for Central Asia (MAA70001) was initially 6,184,332 Swiss francs (USD 5,622,120 or EUR 3,829,308). The budget increased slightly as a result of a new drug prevention project started in Turkmenistan. The current appeal budget is therefore 6,278,465 Swiss francs (USD 5,707,695 or EUR 3,887,594), out of which 58 per cent covered. The overall 2008 budget for the programmes run from the International Federation's regional representation in Almaty is 4,791,162 Swiss francs. Other programmes under this appeal are run by the country representation in Tajikistan and reported on in a separate programme update.