Programme purpose: The Central Asia programmes are aligned with the Global Agenda goals to reduce the number of deaths, injuries, and impact from disasters; to reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies; to increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability; and to reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.
Programmes summary: The disaster management programme strengthened coping capacities of the populations living in disaster prone areas and built the National Societies' capacities to respond to emergencies. The International Federation's disaster response mechanisms were activated several times during the year to provide funds for five emergency response operations of the Red Crescent Societies of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
The Kazakhstan Red Crescent joined the Red Cross Red Crescent Disaster Risk Reduction Global Alliance (DRR GA) that helps to create a common, consistent and applicable understanding of DRR, and coordinate, organize, agree and pool existing and new DRR activities and resources throughout the Red Cross Red Crescent. In 2009 the National Society will proceed to baseline analysis, the capacity self-assessment that will be followed by capacity building plan development.
The Red Crescent Societies continued providing harm reduction services and spreading information on HIV among key populations at higher risk, young people and wider populations. In December the National Societies of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan launched their HIV country programmes that are part of the Red Cross Red Crescent Global Alliance on HIV and TB. The programmes aim to scale up the HIV services and outreach and are expected to be rolled out in 2009. The tuberculosis prevention programme targeted vulnerable sick people with psycho-social support and informed the general public about the disease and available treatment. In the second half of the year the TB programme review was carried out by the external consultant who developed recommendations for an integrated and comprehensive model of TB programming in the region. Ways to introduce changes to the programme following these recommendations are being discussed.
The evaluation of the governance and management division component of the organizational development programme resulted in recommendations aimed to assist the National Societies along the process of statutes implementation that inform the International Federation's secretariat capacity-building support in 2009-2010. However, the statutes implementation processes slowed in the region as in practice they demand greater changes to the way the National Societies operate. Linked to this are further steps towards sound and transparent human resources management systems the National Societies made; finance development also remained high in their agenda.
The promotion of humanitarian principles and values reached vulnerable communities served by the National Societies and decision-makers and public alike. Gender issues were better marked in 2008 programming. After the mapping of gender players and few surveys in rural and urban communities the National Societies developed plans of action to address key identified problems and needs in this area and started working towards those plans.
Financial situation: The total 2008 budget is CHF 6,354,122, of which 85 per cent covered. Expenditure overall was 83 per cent versus funding. The appeal budget increased in the second half of the year to incorporate additional activities under the drug demand reduction project in Turkmenistan and under the organizational development programme in Tajikistan. Some funds have been carried over to 2009 in line with the donor funding timeframes, which makes the annual budget implementation rate appear lower.