Mafraq covers close to 300 kms of border with Syria, with the main border crossing points used by Syrian refugees to enter Jordan. This is the 3rd largest area of responsibility in the country in terms of off-camp population of concern, after Amman and Irbid, with 19,097 cases/73,145 individuals spread across 26.500 km2. Mafraq covers the second largest area in the kingdom, with 4 districts largely spread across the Governorate. The largest refugee camp for Syrian refugees, Zaatari, is located 10 km east of Mafraq and was established on 28 July 2012 and has a population of 20,705 cases/83,497 individuals.
The Mafraq Sub Office opened in August 2014, to address the needs of urban refugees, and now refugees have access to timely services within the close proximity of their homes as in the past they travelled to Amman, an expensive and time consuming trip.
Initial result from the VAF modeling on baseline data suggests that Eastern Jordan (Mafraq through to Azraq) is the most vulnerable region in Jordan with high levels of vulnerability across the sectors. In particular the East is on average more vulnerable than other regions for have access to basic needs, the use of emergency coping strategies by refugees, access to adequate and safe shelter and has lower levels of predicted monetary welfare.