2019 IN REVIEW
This Annual Report presents information on the achievements of the Jordan Humanitarian Fund during the 2019 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievement of CBPFs are reported in two distinct ways:
Information on allocations granted in 2019 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of annual reports.
Results reported in 2019 include achievements from allocations whose implementation phase started prior to 2019. This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 February 2019 - 31 January 2020.
Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple cluster/sectors.
Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the exchange rate at the time of the pledge.
The conflict in Syria continues to be the world’s largest displacement crisis, with Jordan highly impacted by the influx of people who have sought refuge in the country, many for up to nine years. As of 31 December 2019, UNHCR has registered 745,169 refugees in Jordan, the majority of whom (654,692) are Syrian. Most Syrian refugees live in urban communities (531,432), with the remaining 18.8 per cent in camps, principally the Azraq and Zaatari camps. Jordan continues as the country hosts the second largest refugee population per capita in the world.
Over 78 per cent of Syrians in Jordan live below the national poverty line, underlining the hardships refugees face in meeting their daily needs, including access to adequate shelter, food, healthcare and education. After years in displacement refugees have little hope that durable solutions of return or resettlement will occur soon. At the same time, maintaining basic services and cash assistance for the most vulnerable will be a growing struggle as the country deals with internal reforms and growing vulnerability amongst Jordanian citizens.
In addition to the physical and psychological impact of war and displacement, refugees in Jordan are facing increased economic hardships. With limited livelihood opportunities, refugees, like many vulnerable Jordanians are impacted by recent changes in tax codes and subsidies, particularly on food and health care. Although Jordanian authorities have granted Syrian refugees access to the education system, certain segments of the labour market, and subsided health care, access is uneven and with limitations. For non-Syrian refugees opportunities for self-reliance and assistance is more limited, with many refugees forced to resort to negative coping strategies to help support themselves.
Using a multi-sectoral, multi-dimensional approach, the UNHCR-coordinated 2019 Vulnerability Assessment Framework (VAF) Population Survey profiled Syrian households to monitor changes in vulnerability over time. The VAF assessed household welfare, coping strategies, basic needs, health and food security, with results indicating that 78 per cent of the population are highly or severely vulnerable, living below the Jordanian poverty line. In the severely vulnerable category, a 12 per cent increase was recorded, a measure used to indicate food insecurity by assessing reliance on negative coping mechanisms. Years of displacement during which resources have been depleted, particularly for those unable to access income through work, remittances or other means has contributed to growing vulnerability amongst the refugee population.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.