2018 IN REVIEW
This Annual Report presents information on the achievements of the Humanitarian Fund during the 2018 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievement of CBPFs are reported in two distinct ways:
Information on allocations for granted in 2018 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of annual reports.
Results reported in 2018 attributed to allocations granted in 2018 and prior years (shown in orange). This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 January 2019.
Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple cluster/sectors.
Humanitarian situation in Jordan
Since the onset of the crisis over a million Syrians have fled to Jordan, 671,551 of which are registered refugees, constituting 10 per cent of the total population in Jordan. Of these, 545,542 (79%) live in host communities, while the remaining 126,009 (21%) live in camps, principally Za’atari and Azraq. Over seven years of successive waves of increasing refugee influxes have placed considerable strain on social, economic, institutional and natural resource systems throughout Jordan. As of December 2018, more than 40,000 people continue to be displaced in the remote Rukban ‘makeshift’ settlement in south-eastern Syria, on the border with Jordan. Families are stranded in an extremely dire situation enduring living conditions unimaginable to most. The UN agencies in Jordan and Syria, continue to call for a safe, voluntary, long-term solution to help the people in Rukban, whether through facilitating the voluntary return to their homes or to a place of their choosing in safety and dignity.
In Jordan, although the international community has been generous in providing development and humanitarian aid to the Jordan Response Plan (JRP) in recent years, unfortunately the needs and requirements of Syrian refugees and Jordanian host communities have vastly outpaced the financial support received. Led by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, the Jordan Response Platform for the Syria Crisis (JRPSC) constitutes the strategic partnership mechanism between the Government of Jordan, donors, United Nations agencies and NGOs for the development of a comprehensive refugee, resilience-strengthening and development response to the impact of the Syria crisis on Jordan. It also ensures the alignment of assistance to the Government’s main development priorities and harmonization with national systems for planning, programming and implementation.
In 2018, Jordan endorsed 2018–2020 JRP. The Plan adopted a resilience-based approach to respond to and mitigate the effects of the Syria crisis on Syrian refugees and Jordanian people, host communities and institutions by integrating humanitarian and development responses into one comprehensive vulnerability assessment and one single plan for each JRP sector. By the end of 2018, some USD 954 million was delivered out of a total of more than USD 2.5 billion requested under the plan, designed to support refugees and mitigate the consequences of the crisis on host communities.
Humanitarian Situation in south Syria
Following a period of relative calm in south Syria in 2017, a return of unprecedented hostilities in mid- 2018 caused large-scale displacement, damage to infrastructure including schools and hospitals. Through 2018, the key drivers of humanitarian needs in south Syria remain vulnerability due to protracted crisis, displacement, limited access to basic services, and major protection concerns.
By end of 2018 most recent IDPs had returned to their home villages. Moreover, access to select services improved substantially, while remaining far from 2010 levels. However, at the opening of 2019, the resilience of local populations remains critically depleted. Access to education and health services among others remained highly constrained. Major protection concerns remain. A rapid evolution of the conflict was witnessed in 2018, control over territory shifted rapidly between June and the end of August and mass displacement resulted. At its peak more than 300,000 were displaced in an area where humanitarian agencies were already meeting the needs of up to 330,000 long-term displaced. With the end of access to southern Syria by Jordan-based humanitarian agencies in the second half of 2018, in depth planning with Damascus based agencies allowed a degree of continuity of services and protection within the political constraints of the context. More than 300,000 People in Need were served with life-saving assistance of the pre-positioned stocks.
Following reconciliation agreements in July, most IDPs had returned to their home villages by end of 2018. Access to certain services, especially water and electricity improved for returnees. However especially areas of NE Dar’a to which IDPs returned remained particularly devastated by the 2018 fighting, adding to longer term impact on infrastructure of over seven previous years of conflict in both areas of refugee and return across the south.
From the beginning of 2018 it became increasingly clear that a major military offensive on south west Syria was likely, despite the ongoing de-escalation agreement. Consequently, the Inter Sector Working Group intensified efforts to preposition humanitarian goods and services in south west Syria in accordance with the planning figures in the inter-agency contingency plan. The long-anticipated ground offensive in SW Syria began shortly after Eid al-Fitr on 15 June 2018. Convoys continued to cross from Ramtha, and humanitarian programs continued in the South, despite the upsurge hostilities.
Convoys continued to cross from Ramtha until 26 June when the Government of Syria re-established control of the border with Jordan. The prepositioning of humanitarian supplies in strategic locations in southern Syria proved vital in meeting the needs of the huge number of IDPs who fled the upsurge of fighting in Dar’a and Quneitra Governorates, even after the border was suspended for humanitarian convoys thereafter.
But the end of July, the Syrian government was able to reestablish control over all the territory formerly controlled by armed opposition groups. As such, by the end of the third quarter of 2018 even cross-border programming with prepositioned services was largely ended.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.