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Jordan Humanitarian Fund Annual Report 2016

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HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT

Introduction

Since the onset of the conflict in Syria, over a million Syrians have fled to Jordan as of end of March 2017, 655,399 of whom are registered refugees, constituting 10 per cent of the total population in Jordan. Of these, 514,060 (78.5%) live in host communities, while the remaining 141,148 (22%) live in camps, principally Za’atari and Azraq. Over five years of successive waves of increasing refugee influxes have placed considerable strain on social, economic, institutional and natural resource systems throughout Jordan.
As of late July/early August 2016, some 80,000 Syrians were stranded at Jordan’s north-eastern border with Syria in the no man’s land (berm) at both Rukban and Hadalat. A large proportion of the population is vulnerable with limited or no assets, and the vast majority (79 per cent) comprise women and children. Until 21 June 2016, the Government of Jordan facilitated humanitarian access to people in need at the berm, enabling agencies to deliver life-saving services, albeit with some restrictions. Following the unprecedented vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) attack on the Jordanian border guard at Rukban on 21 June, the Government of Jordan (GoJ) sealed its entire northern border and, as a result, humanitarian access to the population at the berm was tightened. With high-level advocacy on protection concerns, the UN was granted approval to resume operations in December 2016 and the delivery of humanitarian assistance recommenced in November 2016.
A total of 13.5 million people in Syria now require humanitarian assistance and over half of the population have been forced to flee their homes. In southern Syria, civilians continue to bear the brunt of a conflict marked by unparalleled suffering, destruction and disregard for human life. In the south of Syria alone, as of October 2016, there were over 732,000 people in need, including over 350,000 long-term Internally Displaced Populations (IDPs). Although, throughout 2016, respective “cessation of hostilities” agreements provided a temporary platform for the deescalation of hostilities, these agreements broke after varying periods and resumed conflict generated new waves of shortterm displacement. The newly displaced were compelled to flee, leaving behind many of their belongings. While the majority was able to find refuge with host families, shelters were often extremely overcrowded and lacked basic amenities.
Following the adoption of UN Security Council (UNSC)
Resolution 2165 (2014), the UNSC authorized UN agencies and their partners to use routes across conflict lines and the border crossings between Syria and the neighboring countries (Jordan, Turkey, and Iraq) to deliver humanitarian assistance to people in need in Syria. Under UNSC Resolution 2165, subsequently renewed through resolutions 2191 (2015), 2258 (2015) and 2332 (2016), the UN and its implementing partners have consistently been able to deliver humanitarian aid and, increasingly, services to previously hard-to-reach areas in southern Syria.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.