This report is produced by the WASH Sector Working Group in Jordan in response to the Syria crisis. It shows progresses in project implementation and funding status during the reporting period. It summarizes achievement and challenges and highlights foreseen needs for the next quarter. For the monthly update, please see the Monthly Sector Dashboard at http://scs.raisunhcr.org/dashboards/ WASH.aspx
The provision of essential WASH services benefitted approximately 182,000 people, including an estimated 79,500 children living in Za’atari, Azraq, King Abdullah Park and Cyber City camps.
Large-scale infrastructure projects increased the sustainability of WASH services in camps. The first phase of the Za’atari Water and Wastewater Networks was completed, increasing efficiency and improving the hygienic environment. The 18-month Phase II, starting in January 2017, will complete the networks. In Azraq camp, a new borehole was drilled, the transmission line completed, and the contractor for network improvements selected. To improve water supply for the populations at the border, civil works for the Hadalat borehole were completed with final works on the Reverse Osmosis unit underway.
At the border areas near Rukban (as Refugees in Hadalat have either moved to Rukban or returned back to Syria), 60,000 people (maximum population) were provided with an average of 0.65 million liters of treated water each day (6.8 l/p/d).
In four governorates (Mafraq, Madaba, Balqa and Irbid), 137,260 people had improved access to water services through activities including water trucking and rehabilitation of water infrastructure.
WASH sector partners have implemented water, sanitation and hygiene related activities at host communities (HC). Increase supply through Infrastructure activities with an objective of increasing water supply through provision and installation of equipment for drilled wells, Supply and installation of water networks materials and equipment (Pumps, surge systems) are some of the efforts made by partners. Rehabilitation and repair of municipal water systems (systems at pump stations, distributions networks and systems, etc.) and optimize operations were also the focus partner’s interventions. Some partners have involved in rehabilitation of in-house WASH facilities, connect vulnerable Jordanian and Syrian refugees to the public water supply network, and awareness rasping sessions on water conservation practices. Partners supported the Government effort in creating access to waste water collection and treatment facilities for small cities, rehabilitation of the existing drainage system and work towards a long term solution for the efficient and safe disposal of storm water. Concerning Solid Waste Management (SWM), partners provided support to municipalities in solid waste management cycle; increase the 3R approach (reduce, reuse and recycle) through supporting collection and transportation, infrastructures or system to conduct proper waste separation, and recycling process.
WASH at institutions particularly WASH in schools have been Water & sanitation facilities rehabilitation and or upgrading have been implemented at institutions mainly in schools. In addition to ensuring that children have adequate water, sanitation and hand -washing facilities, awareness raising sessions have been carried out on some hygiene and water conservation topics.
The Jordan Response Plan JRP WASH interventions have followed the national standards and protocols applied to water, sanitation and hygiene service provision. In refugee camps, minimum standards have been developed and are being implemented to ensure a basic level of service by partners. 2018 WASH Sector budget allocations is USD 25,554,358 for Refugee component and USD 189,638,823 for Resilience component.
Challenges faced during the reporting period
Jordan has one of the lowest levels of water resource availability, per capita, in the world. Water scarcity will become an even greater problem over the next two decades. The greater demand for water has put enormous strain on sanitation facilities as well, which raised spume public health and environmental concern in the northern governorates.
The UN agencies, INGOs, and Government did not get enough funding to support the scaled up the WASH program for the host communities, they need to combine infrastructure and distribution improvements with solutions to its overall low supply