Government endorses Jordan Response Plan 2015
4 December 2014 – The Jordanian government today endorsed a one-year program to consolidate all major national and international efforts to address the impacts of the Syria crisis in Jordan. The Plan is the first nationally-led effort of its kind, and embeds the refugee response into national development plans, helping to implement sustainable service delivery systems to better and more effectively meet the needs of both refugees and the Jordanian communities hosting them.
During the sixth meeting of the Jordan Response Platform for the Syria Crisis (JRPSC), attended by representatives of line ministries, UN organisations, ambassadors of donor countries, and heads of international and development agencies, the Minister of Planning H.E. Dr. Ibrahim Saif presented the tripartite US$ 2.87 billion plan.
The appeal covers a programme of targeted interventions to assist both refugees and Jordanian host communities, totaling US$ $889 million and US$ 916 million respectively. The plan also appeals for US$ 1.06 billion in direct budget support to compensate the government for a range of other budgetary costs and income losses incurred as a direct result of the crisis, including additional subsidies for Syrian refugees, increased security costs and accelerated infrastructure depreciation.
Mr. Edward Kallon, United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, praised the innovative approach, which brings the priorities and needs for refugee, resilience and development interventions into one coherent plan, noting that the national leadership structure for the plan is at the cutting edge. He also urged the international community to be mindful of the economic and social impacts of the tremendous hospitality demonstrated by Jordanian people and their government.
Jordan is currently host to over 1.4 million Syrian nationals, of whom 646,700 are refugees, and 750,000 of whom were living in the country before the crisis. Many have now been cut off from their homes and livelihoods for years and face a mounting struggle to meet their basic needs. Approximately 85 per cent are settled out of camps, principally in Amman, Mafraq, Irbid, and Zarqa.
What started as a camp management operation with short-term, people-centred humanitarian assistance focusing on a clearly defined refugee target group, has morphed into a protracted systemic crisis in which some of the poorest and most vulnerable Jordanians are sharing their scarce local resources with a growing population of refugees living among them, and increasingly competing with them for employment, shelter, schooling, water, and other basic necessities.
The 2015 Jordan Response Plan (JRP) reconciles the programming objectives, funding mechanisms and operating systems that often run parallel to each other in addressing short-term people-centred needs and medium to longer term systemic and institutional considerations.
It adopts a resilience-oriented programming approach to first to ensure that shocks and stresses do not lead to a long-term deterioration in wellbeing of a particular individual, household, system or institution; and second, to build capacity to absorb future shocks and deal appropriately with related stresses.
The Plan covers 11 sectors: education, energy, environment, health, justice, livelihoods and food security, local governance and municipal services, shelter, social protection, transport, and water sanitation and hygiene.
The JRP was developed under the overall supervision of the JRPSC, led by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC). The JRPSC brings together government representatives, donors, and UN agencies to ensure an effective and coherent response to the multi-faceted challenges faced by the country as a result of the Syria crisis. The sector response strategies were developed by 11 sector Task Forces, each chaired by the line ministry responsible for that sector, and composed of representatives from the government, the UN system, the donor community, and NGOs with significant involvement in that sector.
Attendees at the meeting expressed their support to the Government of Jordan in developing the JRP and commended MoPIC for its leadership of the process.
Thanking the donor community and UN organizations for their ongoing assistance, the Minister stressed that continued support to Jordan is critical to defuse the destabilizing effects of the conflict. He urged donors to fully support the JRP, which will be implemented in close cooperation with line ministries, UN agencies and relevant response partners.