Jordan + 1 more

GIEWS Country Brief: Jordan 09-April-2015

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FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Cropping season progressing well

  • Cereal import requirements to remain high

  • Rate of inflation stabilized

  • Refugees from the Syrian Arab Republic put strain on resources

2015/16 cropping season progressing well

Sowing of the 2015 spring wheat and potatoes, for harvest from June onwards, concluded in early March while planting of spring barley is scheduled to start in May. Cumulative precipitation by the second dekad of March 2015 in all provinces, with the exception of Al Mafraq governorate, exceeds the long-term average (1989-2012). Vegetation conditions, as captured by the satellite based Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), suggest good establishment of winter crops. While slightly below the long-term average, cumulative precipitation in Al Mafraq province was more than double that of 2014. The area produces some 10 percent of the country’s cereal production and supplies a large share of fruits and vegetables. Wetter-than-usual winter also benefits sheep and goat herders by providing adequate pasture conditions and limiting the dependence on other sources of feed, such as subsidised imported barley. Jordan’s domestic cereal production is negligible owing primarily to climatic and geographic conditions. About average 2015 cereal production is expected at this point. In 2014, Jordan received almost average cumulative moisture quantities but their poor distribution resulted in a below-average cereal harvest. Thus, aggregate output of spring wheat and barley, estimated at 50 000 tonnes, is 30 percent lower than in 2013, and about 4 percent above the five-year average.