This report provides information on incidents of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) reported by SGBV survivorsin Jordan during 2015. The information is provided by humanitarian agencies working to prevent and to respond to SGBV through awareness-raising and other prevention activities, and through the provision of case management services, and which together constitute the GBVIMS Task Force. Members of the GBVIMS Task Force include the Institute for Family Health/Noor Hussein Foundation (IFH/NHF), International Rescue Committee (IRC), International Medical Corps (IMC), Jordan River Foundation (JRF), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). GBVIMS data is currently being gathered in Amman Governorate, Zarqa Governorate (including Azraq Camp and Emirati Jordanian Camp), Mafraq Governorate (including Za’atari Camp), Irbid Governorate (including Cyber City and King Abdullah Park), Balqa Governorate, Jerash Governorate, Ajloun governorate, and in the South of Jordan (including Aqaba,
Tafilah, Karak, and Ma’an).
The Task Force is responsible for gathering, maintaining and analyzing data related to SGBV, and for ensuring the security and protection of sensitive data concerning SGBV. Using an inter-agency GBVIMS electronic tool, the Task Force maintains data concerning the type of violence committed; the profile of survivors and perpetrators of SGBV; the context in which SGBV incidents were committed, and the responses and services provided to SGBV survivors.1 The consolidated data presented in this report relates exclusively to reported incidents, and cannot be considered representative of the total incidence or prevalence of SGBV in Jordan; due to the limitations inherent in the identification and reporting of SGBV information, this must be noted in any use of the data authorized by the GBVIMS Task Force. The present report provides data and analysis concerning SGBV incidents and responses by GBVIMS Task Force members in Jordan between 1st January and 31st December 2015.
2015 Operational Context
In 2015, the Syria crisis entered its fifth year. In Jordan, due to continuing security threats on its borders with Syria and Iraq and exhaustion of national resources available to support refugees, protection space for refugees in Jordan contracted over the course of the year. By the end of 2015, the total number of Syrian refugees in Jordan was 634,064 individuals, a figure equivalent to approximately one tenth of Jordan’s population prior to the conflict. The Government repeatedly highlighted the impact of hosting such a large number of refugees – the official estimate is 1.4 million Syrians in Jordan – on the infrastructure and economy on the country.
While new arrivals in Jordan continued in 2015, stringent border controls contributed to relatively low numbers of refugees entering the country: during the year, some 16,000 new Syrian refugees were admitted to the country, where like other refugees they face encampment and restrictions on movement, obstacles to legal employment, and challenges accessing essential humanitarian assistance including food and medical care. In addition, over 50,000 Iraqi refugees have sought asylum in Jordan, along with significant numbers of Somalis and Sudanese. 2 The 2015 Vulnerability Assessment Framework (VAF)
Baseline Survey found high levels of economic vulnerability, with 86% of Syrian refugee households identified as living under the poverty line of USD 98 per person per month. Their financial resources depleted, many families now increasingly turn to negative coping mechanisms such as exploitative labor, school dropout of children and child labor, and early marriage. While these coping mechanisms may help meet a family’s immediate subsistence needs, they often do so at the cost of increased exposure to exploitation or human rights violations, and limitation of future opportunities and prospects. At the close of 2015, despite a reduction in violence in Syria brought by a partial cessation of hostilities, opportunities for voluntary repatriation remain only a future hope. While resettlement opportunities were significantly expanded (with 24,374 refugees submitted to resettlement countries during the year), the vast majority of refugees remains in Jordan without foreseeable prospects for a durable solution.