SCOPE AND METHODS
Of the nearly five million Syrians who have fled their homeland in the past five years, more than 655,000 are now registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as refugees in Jordan, the vast majority of whom (nearly 80 percent) live in host communities. The 2015 United Nations World Food Programme (WFP)/REACH Comprehensive Food Security Monitoring Exercise (CFSME) found that there had been a drastic decrease in food security of Syrian refugees living in host communities in Jordan since 2014, possibly due to widespread constraints on humanitarian funding and restrictions in the regulatory environment. The context has shifted once again in 2016, with a stabilisation in humanitarian funding and a concerted effort to enhance livelihood opportunities and develop the economic resilience of Syrian refugees living in Jordan. For example, nearly 35,000 work permits have been issued to Syrian refugees following the announcement of the Jordan Compact in February 2016. In order to understand the impact of these changes on the food security and broader welfare of refugees, WFP has partnered with REACH to conduct a third CFSME, covering all 12 governorates in Jordan as well as Azraq and Za’atari refugee camps. A methodology consistent with previous years has been applied to ensure comparability.
The overall objectives of CFSME 2016 are to assess current levels of refugee food security, identify trends in needs and vulnerabilities, and recognise the most vulnerable refugees. In turn, this informs WFP targeting and supports the prioritisation of families and households requiring urgent assistance. The trend analysis assesses the impact of specific contextual factors on food security, which can then be used to inform future humanitarian and government initiatives aimed at improving refugee welfare, as well as refining targeting and modalities of transfer. Furthermore, the CFSME 2016 data is comparable with the UNHCR-led interagency Vulnerability Assessment Framework (VAF), contributing to a wider information repository on refugee vulnerability for more effective humanitarian targeting. The findings in this report focus on food insecurity and how this interconnects and reinforces cross-sector vulnerability of refugees living within host communities, with comparisons to findings from the refugee camps where relevant. In total, 5,252 cases, representing 3,253 households and comprising 20,067 individuals, were surveyed between April and May 2016 for this monitoring exercise. In addition, sixteen focus group discussions amongst male and females were conducted to further explain trends in quantitative data.