Finding a durable solution to a displacement situation is not a straightforward process. Cases of severe nuclear disasters that render areas unsafe for habitation for prolonged periods require interim or alternative solutions to meet the evolving needs, capacities, vulnerabilities and preferences of the displaced people. Existing international instruments offer crucial guidance, but greater appreciation of context is necessary to enhance their relevance.
• An enabling environment for finding durable solutions needs to be systematically established through ongoing re-examinations of policies, laws and institutions. Comprehensive reforms are often required rather than piecemeal adjustments of existing frameworks.
• Addressing social and psychological consequences is as important as the (re-)construction of physical infrastructure and environmental remediation.
• Enabling displaced people to exercise agency and take ownership of the process is critical.