Japan + 1 more

Japan: Earthquake and Tsunami 46 Month Report

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
Originally published


Glide no. EQ-2011-000028-JPN

Period covered by this report: 11 March 2011 – 31 March 2015

Executive Summary

Four years after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Tsunami of 11 March 2011, there are still about 220,000 people who are displaced from their homes, living in temporary housing, apartments provided by the municipalities or at relatives’ homes. Among them, approximately 80,000 people are still living in prefabricated temporary homes.

In Fukushima Prefecture, which was affected by the nuclear power plant accident in addition to the earthquake and the tsunami, there are still approximately 110,000 displaced people. 70 per cent of these individuals have been evacuated to the outer regions of the prefecture. Anxiety born of uncertainty about their future weighs heavily on their minds.

As of March 2015, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has received approximately 457 billion Japanese Yen (JPY) both from abroad as well as domestically. This includes approximately 60 billion JPY in donations from more than 100 Partner National Societies (PNS), which has been used to support the JRCS's relief and recovery operation. 40 billion JPY was donated by the State of Kuwait, and distributed to the three most damaged prefectures, Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima. By the end of March 2015, approximately 90 per cent of the donations, around 100 billion JPY, from the PNS and the State of Kuwait had been spent.

The remaining 357 billion JPY was allocated to the “Gienkin” scheme as cash grants and distributed to the affected people.

During 2014 (from April 2014 to March 2015), many projects have made steady progress (please refer to “HILIGHTS OF PROGRESS OF THE PROGRAMME” below), especially new projects related to disaster preparedness and disaster response. These projects focus on capacity building in communities and reaching the younger generations. Projects such as rehabilitation of physical infrastructure including health institutions and public housing have been mostly completed.
Recovery activities have now shifted to “soft” measures, such as psychosocial support and capacity building on disaster management. The population in the area is still in need of support.

The JRCS will continue its recovery and rehabilitation activities for another three years. For Fukushima Prefecture the JRCS will continue for another six years.