Damage/Needs Assessment in the affected area of the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami

Originally published



A massive earthquake of magnitude of 9.0 occurred Friday 11 March, off the Pacific coast of the northeastern part of the Japanese main land (Tohoku Region), causing devastating damages. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) named this earthquake "The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake" (JMA, 2011). In addition, this earthquake caused the large scale of tsunami which hit Tohoku and Kanto Region. Because of the earthquake and tsunami, more than 12,000 people were died and the number of the missing persons is more than 15,000 (NPA, 2011). The survey team which consisted of SEEDS Asia, OYO International Corporation and Kyoto University conducted the survey in Iwate and Miyagi Prefecture, the most affected area by the tsunami, in order to understand the damages by the earthquake and tsunami and to grasp the needs of the local community and the government. This report is the summary of the survey.