Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 30 November 2017, 117,042 refugees and migrants arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 32 per cent decrease compared to the same period last year, when 173,008 persons reached Italian shores. In 2017 so far, the highest numbers of registered sea arrivals originate from Nigeria, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, Bangladesh, Mali, Eritrea, Sudan, Tunisia, Senegal, and The Gambia. Men and women constitute 75 per cent and 11 per cent of persons disembarked, respectively, while 13 per cent are unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) . Accompanied children account for 1 per cent of sea arrivals.
Consistently with decreasing numbers of monthly arrivals from mid-July 2017 onwards, fewer persons reached Italian shores in November 2017 (5,645), compared to November 2016 (13,581),
In the first eleven months of 2017, 91 per cent of sea arrivals departed from Libya. Departures from Tunisia account for 4 per cent of sea arrivals in the January-November 2017 period, followed by Turkey (3 per cent), and Algeria (1 per cent). While in the recent months the reduction of departures from Libya was mirrored by a proportional increase in departures from other countries, such increase was more modest in November, when 9 per cent of sea arrivals departed from Tunisia, 5 per cent from Turkey and 2 per cent from Algeria.
In November, at least nine incidents at sea were reported along the central Mediterranean route, resulting in over 70 deaths and over 130 persons going missing at sea. Alongside Italian and other European authorities, three NGOs (Proactiva Open Arms, Sea Watch, and SOS Méditerranée) continue to carry out SAR operation in the Central Mediterranean.
Between 1 January and 30 November 2017, some 125,000 persons lodged an asylum claim in Italy3 . As of 30 November 2017, 186,884 adult asylum-seekers were accommodated in reception facilities4 .