Statement of Principles - Signed by Ami Ayalon & Sari Nusseibeh on July 27, 2002
2. Borders: Permanent borders between the two states will be agreed upon on the basis of the June 4, 1967 lines, UN resolutions, and the Arab peace initiative (known as the Saudi initiative).
- Border modifications will be based on
an equitable and agreed-upon territorial exchange (1:1) in accordance with
the vital needs of both sides, including security, territorial contiguity,
and demographic considerations.
- The Palestinian State will have a connection
between its two geographic areas, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
- After establishment of the agreed borders, no settlers will remain in the Palestinian State.
- Arab neighborhoods in Jerusalem will
come under Palestinian sovereignty, Jewish neighborhoods under Israeli
- Neither side will exercise sovereignty over the holy places. The State of Palestine will be designated Guardian of al-Haram al-Sharif for the benefit of Muslims. Israel will be the Guardian of the Western Wall for the benefit of the Jewish people. The status quo on Christian holy site will be maintained. No excavation will take place in or underneath the holy sites without mutual consent.
- Palestinian refugees will return only
to the State of Palestine; Jews will return only to the State of Israel.
- The international community will offer to compensate toward bettering the lot of those refugees willing to remain in their present country of residence, or who wish to immigrate to third-party countries.
6. End of conflict: Upon the full implementation of these principles, all claims on both sides and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will end.