Iraq + 34 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 37 of 2004

Originally published

(A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: 1) Iraq, 2) Afghanistan, 3) Albania, 4) Azerbaijan

(B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Djibouti, (4) Eritrea, (5) Ethiopia, (6) Kenya, (7) Rwanda, (8) Somalia, (9) Sudan, (10) Tanzania, (11) Uganda

(C) West Africa Region: (1) Sahel region (2) Chad, (3) Guinea Bissau, (4) Sierra Leone, (5) Guinea, (6) Liberia, (7) Cote D'Ivoire

(D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Swaziland, (9) Zimbabwe

(E) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) Myanmar

(F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Regional, (2) Bolivia, (3) Colombia, (4) Ecuador, (5) Guatemala, (6) Haiti, (7) Nicaragua

From David Kaatrud, Director of the Analysis, Assessment and Preparedness Service (ODA). Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (, or by e-mail from, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: 1) Iraq, 2) Afghanistan, 3) Albania, 4) Azerbaijan

1) Iraq

(a) WFP continues to monitor developments on the ground, although no major food needs are reported. Shortages of water, electricity and fuel remain a matter of concern.

(b) The monthly countrywide Public Distribution System (PDS) food distribution for August is near completion.

(c) Armed conflict in Najaf reached its most intense levels since the war in 2003. Displacement patterns in Najaf were reportedly similar to those of the Falluja crisis in April/May 2004. Populations residing in areas exposed to conflict have moved to host communities within Najaf, while smaller numbers have moved to outlying areas. Numbers have been difficult to assess due to lack of access and support being received by local institutions. Some Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who do not have family support or other traditional support networks have found shelter in mosques near Najaf.

(d) In the south, as a result of increased insecurity, UNHCR stopped convoys of Iraqi refugees returning from Iran.

(e) Between 16 and 18 August, WFP organized a workshop in Amman to discuss with Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation officials the implementation of the forthcoming WFP project to provide assistance to primary school children and vulnerable groups. The project aims to build alternative safety net mechanisms to the PDS, to help the most vulnerable, revitalize government programmes and build institutional capacity and national awareness.

(f) Plans are for GOI to cover 3.5 million school children starting 2005/2006 academic year. The project is scheduled to commence in September 2004, subject to availability of funds. 

(g) As of the end of August, the total dispatches into Iraq of WFP-procured commodities and items sourced through Oil-for-Food contracts renegotiated by WFP reached 1.51 million MT out of 1.6 million MT to be dispatched until the end of the operation. The bulk of the operation is expected to be concluded by September 2004.

2) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation continued to be volatile during the week throughout most of the country, with incidents of improvised explosive devices, rockets, landmines and ambushes targeting the government, coalition forces and aid workers.

(b) During the reporting period, 438,103 beneficiaries received 1,679 MT of food.

(c) Food commodities transported during the week amount to 1,811 MT, including 352 MT from ports in Pakistan to external logistics hubs and 1,459 MT from external logistics hubs into Afghanistan.

(d) As part of the government capacity building initiative, one newly constructed school in Kabul was handed over to the Ministry of Education (MoE) on 7 September. The school is equipped with latrines, potable water facilities and furniture. Construction of schools has contributed to increasing access of the local school-age population to education opportunities.

(e) On 6 September, WFP met with its partners in Kabul to ensure effective implementation of the Greening Afghanistan Campaign throughout the country. WFP supports nurseries and reforestation programmes to protect environment and contribute to the national economy.

3) Albania

(a) Political turmoil continues between the government and opposition parties regarding the forthcoming elections in 2005.

(b) The security situation throughout Albania remains stable. All travel to the northern areas of Albania requires security clearance.

(c) The implementation of the PRRO 10165.1 continued as planned in the following areas: a) Social Sector Assistance to Women, b) Communal Forestry and Pasture Management, c) Community Asset Building through Food-For-Work.

(d) Under the social sector 3,450 women participants attended training and counseling sessions. A total of 2,455 participants were involved in forestry activities. The Food-For-Work schemes provided short-term employment opportunities to 1,626 workers.

(e) During August 2004, a total of 349.5 MT of commodities were distributed which included wheat flour, vegetable oil and salt.

(f) The in-country stocks of food commodities were sufficient for the distribution in August. No shipment was received during the month. All commodities were delivered and distributed as per plan.

4) Azerbaijan

(a) The PRRO 10168 entitled "Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery of Displaced Persons and Vulnerable Groups in Azerbaijan" commenced on 1 January 2003. Under this PRRO, WFP plans to provide 43,087 MT of food aid to an average of 143,500 beneficiaries a year over a period of three years, at a total cost of USD 20.2 million.

(b) During the fourth round of food distribution in July-August 2004, a total of 2,046 MT of mixed commodities were distributed to 125,733 beneficiaries (125,026 IDPs plus 707 other vulnerable groups), of which 53 % were women.

(c) As part of a WFP/UNICEF initiative on preschool care, a total of 15 MT of the Food for Work (FFW) rations (wheat flour, pulses, oil, sugar and tea) were distributed to 249 women caregivers working in 34 preschool centres in IDP settlements. (d) During July and August, several Employment-generation schemes (EGS) activities were undertaken by World Vision in Agjabedi, Mingechevir and Tartar districts. 4 MT of the EGS rations (wheat flour, pulses, oil, sugar, salt and tea) were distributed to 910 participants (47 % women).

(e) As of 31 August 2004, a total of 25,942 MT have been pledged against the 43,087 MT required under the PRRO 10168. This figure indicates that some 60 % of requirements have been met, leaving a shortfall of 17,145 MT or 40 % of the total requirements.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Djibouti, (4) Eritrea, (5) Ethiopia, (6) Kenya, (7) Rwanda, (8) Somalia, (9) Sudan, (10) Tanzania, (11) Uganda

1) Burundi

(a) Insecurity persisted in Bujumbura Rural province. Road ambushes with robbery purposes increased in Makamba province.

(b) WFP has been receiving lower than expected food deliveries from regional stocks during the last four weeks. The distribution of the Seeds Protection Rations (SPR) is due to start by mid September. However, unless deliveries are sped up, the SPR operation and other programmes will be negatively affected. The most recent joint assessment done with FAO and UNICEF indicated that some 7,800 MT of food are needed for the SPR. This figure continues to be reviewed and could increase as some assessment missions continue to identify other vulnerable groups whose food security situation has worsened.

(c) UNHCR reported that 78,311 Burundians returned from exile between January 2004 and 5 September 2004. Last week, more than 1,700 returnees from Tanzania, arriving through the transit points at the border provinces of Muyinga, Rutana and Makamba, received a three-month return package from WFP.

(d) Between 30 August and 5 September 2004, WFP distributed around 1,400 MT of food aid to nearly 128,000 beneficiaries through different programme activities. Targeted food distributions reached 66,650 beneficiaries in Ngozi, Bujumbura Rural and Cibitoke provinces. Monitoring teams followed all targeted distributions in the three provinces and reported no major problems, except in one "colline" of Ngozi where persons not listed for assistance obliged beneficiaries to share their rations. Contacts with the local administrator are foreseen to discourage that behaviour.

(e) The national Vulnerability Assessment Survey continues according to the plan; data analysis has started. All field data from the Gender baseline was double-checked and sent to WFP Headquarters for final analysis.

2) D.R. Congo

(a) The security situation remained volatile in eastern DR Congo with two major incidents involving the United Nations family. On Thursday, 2 September, from a team of the United Nations Mission in the DRC Congo (MONUC) observers patrolling on the Bunia-Nizia axis in the Ituri district, militiamen took hostage of one observer, and demanded the release of their kinsmen in exchange. The MONUC observer was eventually released on 6 September. On Saturday, 4 September, armed soldiers assaulted two WFP staff from the Bukavu office, who were driving home after a social meeting with other UN colleagues. The assailants eventually ran away when another car was approaching the scene. However, money and mobile phones were taken from the victims.

(b) Consequently to the persisting volatile security conditions in the east, movement of IDPs reportedly continued in various areas in the eastern provinces. In South Kivu and Maniema provinces, peasant farmers complained on the continuing harassment and payment of exorbitant taxes imposed on them by armed men. Several roadblocks exposed humanitarian workers to military harassment. This did not allow the smooth implementation of WFP activities in the field.

(c) A programme involving the disarmament of some 15,000 ex-combatants in Ituri District and their reintegration into civilian life was officially launched on 1 September in Bunia. The programme, which was approved by the Government in January, will be carried out at five transit sites. The camps are to open on 13 September. MONUC and UNDP are leading the programme, and WFP will be assisting in the provision of food.

(d) During the period 30 August to 5 September, WFP distributed around 500 MT of food to almost 77,500 people, most whom were IDPs and beneficiaries of the nutrition programme in the South Kivu. Around 5,000 of the beneficiaries were returnees of Ituri district.

3) Djibouti

(a) The eleventh convoy of the voluntary repatriation of refugees originating from Somaliland left Djibouti on Wednesday, 08 September 2004. Close to 900 refugees (175 families) were repatriated to various destinations in Somaliland. WFP has provided to all refugees nine-month food packages.

(b) The next convoy of about 700 refugees is scheduled to leave Djibouti on 15 September. Since the re-launch of the current repatriation phase on 14 February 2004, more than 6,200 refugees have been successfully repatriated. It is expected that another 2,800 refugees will be repatriated before the end of December 2004.

4) Eritrea

(a) As a result of a change in the security situation in Eritrea the UN Designated Official, in consultation with the UN Security Management Team recommended that for certain regions and sub-regions the UN security phase be reduced from Phase III to Phase I. These changes apply to the Southern Red Sea region and Debub, as well as some areas in Northern Red Sea Region and Anseba. The western part of the country (Gash Barka region) remains in Phase III and the Temporary Security Zone in Phase IV. This measure will ease WFP's fieldwork and also allow WFP staff to move more freely within the country.

(b) The energy crisis in Eritrea continues: Cooking gas and petrol can only be obtained through special requests to the Ministry of Mines. Diesel fuel is available only for selected groups, since nevertheless supplies are running short, even for buses and taxis. This fuel shortage affects the work of WFP in Eritrea, since monitoring and other trips must be reduced to a minimum or even be discontinued. The implications on staff security, especially on staff assigned to the sub offices, are being assessed and closely monitored by the UN Country Team.

(c) In the Northern and Southern Red Sea regions the access to water remains a critical issue: The rainy season has not yet started, and water is becoming scarce despite sporadic showers. Prices for food remained mostly unchanged. Sugar and milk are still scarce.

(d) In the other regions, the late and below average rainfall has negatively affected crop cultivation: In Debub region farmers cultivated approximately 135,000 ha of cereals in 2003; this year the area had to be reduced to approximately 80,000 ha of cereals. Similar observations are being made for the other regions of the country. Though this reduction might be partially compensated by an increase of the land cultivated with pulses, the forthcoming harvest is likely to be lower than last year.

(e) A recent EC donation of nearly 36,000 MT of wheat increased confirmed pledges for the drought Emergency Operation (EMOP 10261.01) to USD 28 million or around 90,400 MT (representing 85 % of total project requirements). This amount includes some 7,500 MT in end project balances to be carried over from EMOP 10261.0. Two new donations from the USA (USD 1.3 million) and Switzerland (USD 157,895) have been confirmed for the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO 10192.0) bringing the total resourced amount to USD 31 million or around 65,500 MT (representing 61 % of the total project requirement).

5) Ethiopia

(a) Teams of the multi-agency mid-season assessment of the main or "meher" cropping season have completed their fieldwork and debriefed. Results will be released shortly. Information collected by the teams from district level officials included estimates of numbers in need in 2005, for contingency planning purposes. Three scenarios of best case, mid-case and worst case will be drawn up and presented to donors by early October. The government's new Safety Net programme, due to be in place at the start of 2005, will cover most of the areas expected to require food aid next year, but additional emergency needs are anticipated.

(b) As part of the Country Office's efforts to institutionalise Result Based Management and improve programme performance measurements, an extensive Food Aid Use and Impact Survey (FAUIS) will be carried out during the month October. The main objective of this exercise is to put in place a system for conducting monitoring of targeting mechanisms, actual ration size received by beneficiaries, food aid utilization, impact of food distributions on household coping mechanisms and assets as well as to collect community suggestions on how to improve food aid management. This exercise will serve as a pilot for mainstreaming parts of the survey methodology into ongoing routine monitoring in 2005. Results of the previous WFP FAUIS, which took place in October 2003, were released early in 2004 and are available on request.

(c) An imminent break in the food pipeline for the WFP refugee operation, currently assisting over 118,000 refugees, has been averted due to two generous donor pledges. Needs are now covered until the end of 2004, allowing regular distributions to Somali, Sudanese and Eritrea refugees, and the provision of food for repatriation packages to Somali refugees in Aysha camp in the east of the country.

6) Kenya

(a) The food security situation continues to deteriorate in most drought-affected districts. Nutrition assessments carried out in Mandera District by Action Against Hunger show a significant increase in Global Acute Malnutrition rates at 26 percent.

(b) After the approval of the WFP drought Emergency Operation in early August, preparations to start emergency food distributions in most of the affected districts have been underway. These preparations include opening of sub-offices and establishing ICT connectivity, deployment of staff to the affected districts, securing resources locally and regionally for initial food distribution, contracting implementing partners and initiating training of stakeholders nationally and in the districts. Food distribution under the WFP EMOP is set to begin in September in six priority districts i.e., Turkana, Marsabit, Mandera, Kwale, Kilifi, Makueni and Kitui. Progressively all districts will be phased into the EMOP beginning October, following the guidance of the Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG). Meanwhile, the Government of Kenya (GoK) continued to distribute relief food in Turkana and Marsabit Districts during August. WFP, in collaboration with KFSSG has already selected lead agencies (NGO Cooperating Partners) in almost all the 26 districts.

(c) The six-month August to January emergency operation requires 166,000 MT of food for an estimated 1.8 million people and 544,000 school children in 26 arid and semi-arid districts. So far, out of a total requirement of USD 81.3 million, the confirmed contributions are USD 31.4 million, approximately 39 % of the total requirements. In addition, WFP has indications of pledges from donors valued at USD 5.2 million. However, WFP urgently requires additional food resources to meet the needs of the drought-affected populations.

(d) A joint WFP/UNHCR review of the Enhanced Commitments to Women (ECW) was undertaken in the Kakuma and Dadaab refugee camps. The main objective of the review was to analyse how effectively ECW IV (Contribute to women's control of food in relief food distributions of households rations) and ECW V (Ensure that women are equally involved in food distribution committees and other programme related local bodies) of the WFP's Gender Policy have been implemented and what practices have been employed, for possible replication elsewhere. The fieldwork is complete and the report is expected to be completed in September.

7) Rwanda

(a) The Security situation remained calm in Cyangugu. The preparations for the transfer of the Congolese refugees from Cyangugu Nyagatare transit camp to Kiziba refugee camp in Kibuye province are ongoing. Some 25 families are expected to be relocated next week.

(b) During the reporting period, a total of 266 Congolese living in Cyangugu town took shelter in the transit camp, bringing the total number of refugees hosted in the Cyangugu Nyagatare transit camp to 2,101 people.

(c) About 114 refugees, who have been registered for voluntary repatriation to Minembwe, Murenge region in DR Congo, are still in Cyangugu as UNHCR's assessment on the conditions for their safe return is still ongoing. Another group of 42 refugees registered with UNHCR and returned to Bukavu during the reporting week.

(d) WFP distributed some 100 MT of assorted food commodities since the beginning of the conflict in late May 2004.

8) Somalia

(a) The new Somali federal parliament held its first sitting on Thursday, 2 September, in Nairobi under the shadow of an outbreak of fighting in Lower Juba over the control of the port city of Kismayu. All opposing parties in the Lower Juba conflict are amassing militias and weapons in preparation for an eventual showdown. Therefore all humanitarian agencies are scaling down their operations until the situation stabilizes in this region.

(b) Drought conditions continue to affect the vulnerable communities. People in the drought-affected regions of northeastern and northwestern Somalia who have lost most of their livestock in the current drought are now in desperate need of help. The climatic outlook for the next three to six months does not look promising for vulnerable communities to recover, even if the coming Deyr short rainy season is good. The current dry conditions have forced pastoralist communities to move with their herds in search of pasture and water.

(c) WFP has distributed more than 1,200 MT as emergency food to the most effected areas in the northeastern and northwestern Somalia and some parts in the south, in particular Lower Juba Valley.

9) Sudan

(a) The humanitarian crisis in Darfur remains dire as increasing numbers of people remain in need of food assistance. WFP fed 940,418 people this month with 16,088 MT of food. This was a direct result of accelerated food deliveries over the last two weeks in August and increased implementing partner capacity in spite of a number of serious constraints, including limited logistics capacity exacerbated by the heavy rains and overflowing wadis. It must be noted that incomplete food baskets were distributed across all three states in order to reach as many beneficiaries as possible.

(b) WFP remains behind targets, meeting only 78 % of the targeted 1.2 million beneficiaries and continues to introduce corrective measures to reach the targeted 1.2 million people in September. (c) The second phase of the airdrop operation in West Darfur has slowed down with three aircraft undergoing maintenance or being delayed by heavy rains. Almost 253 MT of food was airdropped this week in Kirindang, Sawani and El Geneina town. The first airdrop in Um Kuddum, South Darfur, an area cut off by the rains, will take place this week for an estimated caseload of 15,000 people. Since 1 August, WFP has distributed more than 2,500 MT of commodities to 8 locations in West Darfur.

10) Tanzania

(a) During the month of August, there were several security incidents as follows: Four armed bandits attacked a Concern staff at a Concern pumping station on 9 August and stole money, two VHF handsets, two mobile phones and other valuables. One female staff was kidnapped but later escaped unharmed. On 18 August, near the Concern pumping station a refugee found seven bullets, two bullet cans and one hand grenade, which were taken by the police. On 22 August another invasion was done at a local disco club and a safe with TAS 800,000 was stolen, but later recovered by police together with a sub-machine gun and 168 bullets. One bandit was injured and escaped, but was killed the next day by an angry mob. In addition nine rape cases were reported around Ngara camps.

(b) In August, WFP fed 418,943 beneficiaries. Repatriation figures totalled 10,019 Burundian returnees. The special feeding programmes (SFP/TFP) reached 18,783 beneficiaries. Around 6,400 MT of commodities were distributed to refugees. Another 135 MT were distributed for the supplementary feeding programme. Tanzanian host population beneficiaries totalled 8,600 receiving nearly 60 MT of food commodities.

11) Uganda

(a) The northern Acholi and Lango districts (Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira), affected by the protracted Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and faced with massive displacement and loss of livelihoods have experienced relative stability over the past weeks.

(b) Mr Dennis McNamara, the Special Adviser of the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator on Internal Displacement and Director of the Inter-Agency Internal Displacement Division, OCHA Geneva, together with Ms Beatrice Bernard and Mr Marc Vincent (Internal Displacement Division, OCHA Geneva), visited Lira district on 1 September 2004. In Lira district, the delegation visited Barr and Erute IDP camps, with a view to assess the security and protection of IDPs, especially women and children; services being delivered with existing gaps; and issues of child labour and sexual abuse of girls in the camps. Mr McNamara called for the development of a contingency plan that would address the challenges of resettling the IDPs.

(c) In the eastern Teso region, WFP has concluded distribution of resettlement rations to the formerly displaced families in Soroti and Katakwi districts. An improved security situation in the region enabled people to move back to their villages or satellite camps closer to their homes. In Soroti district, around 35,200 persons displaced in four affected sub-counties (Katine, Tubur, Gweri and Arapai) received 500 MT of food. In Katakwi district, some 130,800 persons displaced in three sub-counties (Amuria, Kapelebyong and parts of Usuk) received more than 2,200 MT of food. WFP will provide a resettlement package of 1,700 MT of food to 97,000 persons displaced in Kaberamaido district in September.

(d) WFP conducted an Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) in all three districts of the Teso region (Katakwi, Kaberamaido and Soroti) from 19 August to 4 September 2004. The EFSA mission explored the options for recovery activities in these districts.

(e) WFP, together with the Ministry of Health and UNICEF, has completed a nutrition survey in all the three districts of Karamoja region (Moroto, Kotido and Nakapiripirit) to establish the Global Acute Malnutrition rate in the drought-prone region.

(f) WFP food distribution continues to reach over 1.6 million displaced persons, 145,000 refugees and other vulnerable persons. During the period 29 August to 4 September 2004, 3,765 MT of WFP relief food assistance was distributed to 292,992 persons including IDPs sheltering in camps in Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira districts in the northern Acholi and Lango sub-regions; refugees and vulnerable persons.

(g) WFP faces a shortfall of 37,518 MT of food commodities (22,020 MT cereals, 7,727 MT pulses and 7,771 MT fortified blended foods). WFP faces a funding gap of USD 21 million, required to maintain the food pipeline necessary to continue providing relief assistance to over 1.6 million people from September 2004 through March 2005.

C) West Africa Region: (1) Sahel region (2) Chad, (3) Guinea Bissau, (4) Sierra Leone, (5) Guinea, (6) Liberia, (7) Cote D'Ivoire

1) Sahel Region

(a) Up to now, approximately 2.5 million ha of land have been infested by locusts in the Sahel. Treated surfaces remain very low, despite the means deployed to contain the invasions. The low coverage, if maintained, will result in serious humanitarian consequences in the region, especially with regards to food insecurity.

(b) Mauritania and Mali are hardest-hit. Niger and Sénégal are a cause of concern. WFP is very concerned about the next generation of locusts and new waves of swarms that will be forming very soon in the region. Substantial breeding is in progress, generated by favourable climatic conditions. The maturation of this new generation of locusts (hoppers becoming adults) will coincide exactly with the crops' growing cycle. This could be devastating for the agricultural-based economies in the Sahel.

(c) A meeting of the regional CILSS on 7-9 September it was estimated that there could be a possible loss of 25 % of the regional cereal production if the locust invasion continues and compromises the end of rainy season. This would mean for the 2004/05 harvest a loss of production of 2.7 to 3.5 million MT of cereal.

(d) Intern-agency emergency coordination mechanisms have been set-up to tackle the locust issue (especially in Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso and Sénégal). A regional level working group led by FAO has been set-up in Dakar.

(e) WFP is proceeding with contingency planning updates and needs assessment in affected or potentially affected countries to define the modalities of potential interventions and determine the possible needs and resources required.

2) Chad

(a) Members of the European parliament visited Chad and went to Abeche where they visited in Iriba prefecture, the refugee camps of Iridimi and Touloum. During their meeting with the Ouaddai authorities, the Governor launched an SOS appeal to the international community for assistance in favour of Chadian communities who are facing serious humanitarian problems in terms of malnutrition, water and sanitation, and not receiving assistance. A UNCT mission is currently assessing the emergency needs of the host communities in Eastern Chad affected by the crisis.

(b) On September 6 the UN teams from Sudan and Chad met in El Fasher to agree on coordination mechanisms between the UN in the two countries. The meeting was chaired by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan, Mr. Aranda da Silva.

(c) Janjaweed troops allegedly attacked Sibeleke/Sudan village killing 14 civilian and looting livestock. Two Janjaweeds allegedly entered into a Chadian village near Adre, and fired shots in the air. Nine Chadian rebels made an incursion in Moulou village located South Adre and clashed with regular forces resulting in one rebel killed.

(d) Including 8,704 refugees in the border areas, the total population of refugees from Darfur in Chad numbers 189,168 individuals.

(e) General food distribution started in southern camps of Djabal and Goz Amir where 8,114 beneficiaries already received food. The ongoing blanket supplementary feeding reached 7,116 beneficiaries in Am Nabak and Kounoungo camp respectively.

(f) COOPI, a health and nutrition specialized NGO undertook the nutritional screening in Goz Amir and Djabal refugee camps. The results, which are expected by next week, will allow WFP to confirm the needs of implementing the blanket supplementary feeding program in southern camps.

(g) An increasing number of refugees have been affected by Hepatitis E in Goz Amir and Djabal where 57 and 85 cases were respectively reported. In Goz Amir, 5 people died and 16 in Djabal.

(h) The total stock in the country is 8,589 MT including 1,027 MT in transit. Sufficient stocks in-country for September distributions.

(i) Special operation "Chad 10390.0" Logistics Augmentation in support of the emergency operation 10327 for assistance to Sudanese refugees in Eastern Chad has been approved by the WFP Executive Director.

3) Guinea Bissau

(a) During the month of August, WFP distributed 31 MT of food commodities to 1,562 beneficiaries in Bissau and Biombo region under Health & Nutrition activities.

(b) Regarding the current agricultural season, farmers have started transplanting rice plants in the mangrove swamps and in the in-lands fresh water valleys. The favorable climatic conditions contributed to a normal vegetative growth of the main food crops as rainfall has been evenly distributed and no signs of locusts have been reported. Most producers have started harvesting early maturity variety of maize, and groundnuts, which contributed to mitigate the impact of food insecurity in rural areas.

(c) Two new contributions worth some USD 113,500 were recorded during month of August. However WFP continues to face a major shortfall of 54.3%.

4) Sierra Leone

(a) During the reporting period (23 August - 5 September 2004), WFP Sierra Leone distributed a total of 514 MT of assorted food commodities to 29,491 beneficiaries.

(b) As WFP Sierra Leone gradually moves from relief to development operations, Emergency School Feeding (ESF) in Bo and Kenema Districts has been brought to a close. Food distribution to training programmes in the various operational areas which was suspended due to food shortage has resumed. As the Bo office prepares to shift operations to Tonkolili district, the Kenema office, will from now on, serve as the Extended Delivery Point (EDP) for supervision and monitoring of distribution activities, in all eight refugee camps which receive food aid from WFP, in Bo and Kenema districts.

(c) Shortages of pulses, vegetable oil, cereals and CSB are expected in December.

5) Guinea

(a) During the reporting period (23 August - 5 September 2004), WFP Guinea distributed a total of 515 MT of assorted food commodities to 38,981 beneficiaries.

(b) The registration of the refugees is now complete in all the camps. According to UNHCR statistics as of 24 August, the number of refugees living in the seven refugee camps in Guinea now stands at 78,737. Registration of the candidates for the facilitated repatriation of Liberian refugees is now ongoing. The facilitated repatriation is scheduled to start in October and the refugees will be directed to three counties chosen for their relative stability: Nimba, Lofa and Bong.

(c) Dwindling food stocks and lack of resources have prompted WFP to temporarily reduce its rations to refugees as of September. The reduced ration contains 1,600 kcal instead of 2,100. Commodities will begin to run out in December. Further food ration reductions will follow if WFP fails to receive immediate contributions, as it takes several months until food is ready for distribution.

6) Liberia

(a) During the reporting period (1 - 7 September 2004), WFP Liberia distributed a total of 134 MT of assorted food commodities to 11,412 beneficiaries.

(b) WFP held a meeting on 1 September, with Implementing Partners involved in general food distribution and informed them about pipeline constraints which forced WFP to reduce further the general rations for the month of September. The meeting also discussed strategies for sensitizing beneficiaries about the ration changes before commencement of September distribution to avoid any tensions that might arise in the camps during food distributions. In September, IDPs and returnees will receive 36% less than the recommended daily ration of 2,100 kcal. Sensitization of beneficiaries for the September food distribution commenced on 2 September in camps within Montserrado County. The exercise was carried out in VOA, Blamasee, Jah Tondo, Perry Town, Newland and Fendel IDP camps.

(c) WFP continues to face a critical pipeline break in October on the following commodities: 5407 MT of Cereals (representing 100 % of requirements), 212 MT of Veg Oil (44%) and 101 MT of CSB (12%). Additional pledges are urgently needed to avert a shortfall of 8,973 MT of cereals, 281 MT of pulses and 788 MT of vegetable oil, 337 MT of CSB and 42 MT of salt from September through December.

7) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) During the reporting period (1 - 6 September 2004), 407 MT of various food commodities were distributed to over 26,000 people.

(b) WFP has increased the quantity of pulses for rations allocated under the FFW/Agriculture, Lean Season and Returnees activities. This increase is calculated to offset the lack of protein in diets due to a decrease in meat consumption. WFP continues to support FFW Agriculture and lean season distribution. WFP is engaged in a joint programme with FAO and local partners for the counter agriculture season (vegetable gardening) targeting 3,500 households in the Guiglo and Man areas. WFP will support through FFW and FAO with seeds, tools and technical support. Equally WFP is supporting ACF's counter season agricultural campaign in the areas of Bloloquin and Zou. These projects target women with particular attention on women-headed households.

(c) WFP is preparing its support to the Ministry of Education National School Canteen office and estimates support to over 300,000 primary students who will begin school October 4. The schools in the North, Bouaké, Korhogo, Odienné, Man, and Bouna will be finishing the 2003-2004 school year in early October. For these areas the 2004-2005 school year is expected to begin on January 4.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Swaziland, (9) Zimbabwe

1) Regional

(a) Some 43,000 MT of cereals, 3,000 MT of pulses, and small quantities of other commodities are urgently required to resource the last four months of the regional Emergency Operation EMOP 10290, "Targeted Relief to Vulnerable Households in Southern Africa" for Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The EMOP ends in December 2004.

2) Angola

(a) WFP continues to approach donors for additional cereal contributions to the under funded Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation, PRRO 10054.2 "Support to Return and Resettlement". To continue support to the peace consolidation process in Angola, the PRRO requires USD70 million in food contributions to assist 1.4 million targeted vulnerable returnee populations and facilitate restoration of the food-security capacity through December 2005.

(b) Recent information reveals that the food security situation in Caiueira and Sande communes of Catobola municipality in central Bie province is critical. An assessment is planned as soon as road access permits. In Bie province, WFP already assists 155,000 people, of whom 60 % are internal returnees.

(c) In the southern province of Cunene, the provincial government has classified the current drought situation as an emergency and made an appeal to the humanitarian community for support through water and agricultural related projects. WFP has been supporting 6,400 vulnerable residents affected by droughts through General Food Distribution since last month.

3) Lesotho

(a) From 1-7 September, WFP and implementing partners distributed about 750 MT of food to some 65,000 beneficiaries. The supplementary feeding programme provided food to about 11,300 children under five years of age; 4,000 people suffering from the effects of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis; 3,000 pregnant and nursing mothers were reached through health centres; 33,400 beneficiaries under Vulnerable Group Feeding; 12,200 orphans and 1,200 beneficiaries under Food For Work (FFW).

4) Madagascar

(a) The price of the Madagascar staple food, rice reduced from 4,200 FMG (USD0.40) to below 3,500 FMG (USD 0.35) per kilogram this month after the Ministry of Commerce announced the import of 105,000 MT of rice from Thailand. However, the price is still significantly above the average 2,350 FMG (USD0.23) per kilogram of August 2003.

5) Malawi

(a) Malawi's emergency operation needs 14,000 MT of cereals; 602 MT of pulses; 65 MT of vegetable oil; 122 MT of Corn-Soya-Blend (CSB) and 5 MT of DSM to allow distribution to continue through December and provide carry over stocks for the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation PRRO 10310 "Assistance to Populations in Southern Africa Vulnerable to Food Insecurity and the Impact of AIDS", expected to start in January 2005.

6) Mozambique

(a) Some 7,400 MT of cereals are required to meet EMOP needs through December. From 31 August -- 6 September, the operation dispatched over 81 MT of food to pockets of food-insecure communities.

7) Namibia

(a) Some 9,700 orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) received food assistance in the northern regions of Caprivi and Kavango under EMOP 10334.0 "OVC Affected by Food Insecurity and Impact of HIV/AIDS'. EMOP 10334.0 and EMOP 10145.1 "Assistance to Angolan Refugees in Namibia" remain critically under-funded preventing general food distribution for both OVC and refugees to continue through to the end of the operations in December 2004 and April 2005 respectively.

8) Swaziland

(a) Last week, WFP received a donation of about 700 MT of vegetable oil. The operation now requires some 3,200 MT of cereals and 188 MT of pulses through to the end of the project in December.

(b) Resources are urgently needed to purchase 4,300 MT of cereals to provide food through to December for populations that were affected by floods in the Western and North Western provinces.

(c) The school-feeding programme assists 61 schools in five districts in Southern and Eastern provinces reaching almost 23,000 children.

(d) According to a recent WFP food needs rapid assessment in Southern Province in the district of Kazungula, Mambova and Siakasipa communities were identified as food insecure due to floods that subsequently affected the harvests.

(e) The voluntary repatriation of Angolan refugees is still in progress. About 5,700 refugees have been repatriated. WFP is facilitating the repatriation by providing wet rations and humanitarian daily rations to the returnees during repatriation. About 35,000 -- 40,000 Angolan refugees have been targeted for repatriation by the end of 2004.

9) Zimbabwe

(a) WFP is holding consultations with cooperating partner NGOs regarding the implications of the government communication that only NGOs registered under the Public Voluntary Organisations Act can implement WFP targeted feeding activities. A few WFP partners have temporary arrangements that allowed them to implement the general food distributions. The government position is part of an agreement that allows WFP to continue targeted food assistance to vulnerable groups in Zimbabwe. In addition, concern continues to be voiced regarding the new NGO Bill which is now expected to go to parliament for consideration in October.

(b) The residents of Porta Farm, an informal settlement 30 km south of the capital city Harare, have been granted relief from eviction following a court order. Some 10,000 poor people living in Porta Farm have been ordered to relocate to make way for the construction of a sewage plant. WFP is implementing two activities at Porta Farm, a school feeding project and a home-based care project assisting HIV/AIDS affected households.

E) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) Myanmar

1) Bangladesh

(a) Recent floods in Bangladesh are estimated to have killed more than 600 people, destroyed rice crops and damaged seedbeds across more than 800,000 hectares of farmland and left 20 million people in need of food assistance over the next 12 months. Total damage is estimated at USD 7 billion.

(b) WFP's extensive development activities have created an effective distribution network for emergency food distributions. In the very first days of the crisis, for example, WFP got a week's supply of high-energy biscuits to 1.8 million people.

(c) WFP is leading a Disaster Emergency Response team, comprising UN and NGO technical officers, undertaking an assessment of humanitarian needs by way of food, health, water, sanitation and household repair. The assessment will be published on 22 September.

(d) WFP appealed for international support for long-term strategies to enable the poor and vulnerable to cope with the annual monsoon crisis. With the flood victims leaving the emergency shelters and improvised homes on higher ground, they need assistance not only to restore their households but also to acquire skills and assets that will arm them against the next disaster. On average, one third of Bangladesh is flooded every year.

(e) WFP to date has received less than 20 % of the USD 74 million needed for the emergency operation, through which people will get food aid in return for repairing roads and building dykes and embankments.

2) DPR Korea

(a) All but 900,000 beneficiaries will receive their cereal rations in September. With the expected arrival of new contributions at the beginning of October, WFP will be able to provide rations to all its beneficiaries throughout October with the exception of some 700,000 elderly persons. By November, further arrivals should allow WFP to feed all its beneficiaries with planned rations until the first months of 2005, and pay-back outstanding loans.

(b) All 18 Local Food Production factories operated during the reporting week. The production for the period of 1-5 September was 1,100MT or over 80% of EMOP weekly requirement.

(c) WFP monitors observe a steady increase in prices of basic food commodities in the markets, prices for rice and oil have more than doubled since the beginning of the year.

3) Myanmar

(a) During the month of August, WFP assisted 16,214 beneficiaries, distributing 1,124 MT of rice in Northern Rakhine State (NRS). The current WFP activities in NRS include food for training, food for education, food for work, and food for relief.

(b) In Magway division, WFP distributed 30 MT of rice to approximately 2,270 beneficiaries through the Community Home Based Care projects. In Northern Shan State (NSS) during August, WFP assisted 14,632 beneficiaries, distributing 146 MT of rice. The current WFP activities in NSS include food for work, food for education and vulnerable group feeding.

(c) On 2nd September, WFP signed the Basic Agreement with the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Regional, (2) Bolivia, (3) Colombia, (4) Ecuador, (5) Guatemala, (6) Haiti, (7) Nicaragua

1) Regional

(a) Jamaica and Cuba: The storm is slowly moving North-West and seems that is heading to Cuba via Jamaica. The probability to reach central Cuba on September 12 or 13 is now 20 to 49%.

(b) The Cuban Civil Defense issued a Hurricane warning for the whole island and instructed the emergency preparedness measures to be activated. The UNDMT recommended actions to be taken in the office and at home.

(c) Haiti: A hurricane watch and a tropical storm warning for the entire southwest peninsula of Haiti including Port-au-Prince is still in place.

(d) In prevision of the hurricane, WFP is taking the following emergency preparedness measures: organizing the road transport on behalf of World Health Organization for the delivery of emergency health kits in the southern part of the country; monitoring very closely within the EWS in place under UNDP and OCHA umbrella; sharing information with the Emergency Committee on WFP stocks, response capacity, communication channels, pre-identified available personnel for rapid post-cataclysm assessments; actively participating in the Humanitarian Forum and revising its contingency plan.

(e) Dominican Republic is getting out of the track of the hurricane and there is a reduced risk since 8 September. However, a tropical storm watch for the western-southern coast is still in place.

2) Bolivia

(a) WFP assists victims of drought in El Chaco region

(b) According to the results of the survey undertaken by the Ministry of Agriculture, WFP and FAO in 16 municipalities of El Chaco region, the region lost 66% of its crops. The municipalities of Boyuibe, Camiri, Charagua, Cuevo, Gutierrez and Machareti in the Department of Santa Cruz reported more than 80% loss in agricultural production affecting 52,577 persons from which some 50% are women and 5,250 are children under five years.

(c) The Ministry of Agriculture has officially requested WFP's food assistance in the affected region. The government is planning to declare National Emergency in the most severely affected municipalities.

(d) WFP has started distribution of 216 MT of food to some 2,700 families affected by the drought in the municipalities of Gutiérrez, Cuevo and Camiri with CP resources. Implementing partners for this intervention are World Vision and Vicariato de Cuevo, a regional church organization.

(e) Due to the large number of affected people, as well as the long period of assistance (6 months to 1 year), WFP will not be able to assist the victims with available CP resources. Eventually, an EMOP would have to be considered as well as local resource mobilization for response purposes.

3) Colombia

(a) The security environment remains uncertain and volatile. WFP's food delivery to the Municipality of San Pablo, Province of Bolivar, was cancelled due to clashes between illegal armed groups.

(b) On 4 September, at least four people died and 14 were wounded during a gunfight in a church in Puerto Asis, province of Putumayo. Putumayo is known as a cocaine producing region forbidden for official UN missions unless strictly necessary.

(c) Government authorities seized half a ton of explosives intended to be used by illegal rebels to attack government forces.

(d) In the context of the PRRO 10158, Assistance to People Displaced by Violence, WFP distributed 654 MT of food in 14 provinces to 74,212 beneficiaries during the reporting period.

4) Ecuador

(a) During the reporting period, the Tungurahua and Cotopaxi volcanoes had a slight activity increase.

5) Guatemala

(a) There is concern that the recent reports of crop damage as a result of the drought may increase the already high local prices of maize negatively affecting the access to food for the most vulnerable households.

(b) The local road to the municipality of Tacaná, in the coastal region of San Marcos, was blocked due to landslides resulting from heavy rain. (c) The Ministry of Agriculture announced a plague control program to prevent the spread of the pine weevil's plaque which already damaged 45 hectares of communal forest in the northwestern province of Totonicapan.

(d) At least 3 national civil police officers and 6 farmers died due to violent clashes during a land eviction in the Nueva Linda Ranch, municipality of Champerico, province of Retalhuleu. The Human Rights Prosecutor's Office, farmers and press organizations condemned the incident.

(e) A recent study by "Casa Alianza" ranks Guatemala first in the list of Central American nations with the highest number of violent deaths among youngsters in the ages of 18 to 23. (f) Violence against women continues unabated. Press reports account for 333 women killed since January 2004, as compared to 385 for the whole 2003 and 317 in 2002.

(g) A total of 303 MT of maize, beans, CSB and vegetable oil were distributed in the provinces of Chiquimula, Huehuetenango, and Quiché, under the relief component of PRRO 10212, to contribute to the nutritional recovery of children, pregnant and lactating women, and their families suffering from recurring shocks.

(h) PRRO 10212 will borrow 950 MT of maize from Activity 3 of the Country Programme to prevent a pipeline break and continue scheduled food distributions.

6) Haiti

(a) Most security incidents recorded during the reporting period were related to common crime especially in the North and Northeast, kidnapping being one of the main concerns. The National Police already arrested 15 persons connected with kidnapping incidents.

(b) Demonstrations by the Lavalas Party continued in Port-au-Prince and other cities of Haiti.

(c) During the reporting period, WFP distributed a total of 109 MT of food to 31,895 beneficiaries including malnourished children under 5 years of age, anemic pregnant and lactating women and HIV/tuberculosis patients.

(d) A WFP delegation met the new director of the 'Programme National de Cantines Scolaires', the government counterpart organization.

(e) WFP extended PRRO 100275.0 until 28 February 2005 to allow for distribution of commodities already resourced and to cover the period of the lean season for the areas targeted.

(f) Current in-country stocks amount to some 2,453 MT.

(g) Strikes in Freeport, Bahamas, and Port-au-Prince still hinder WFP food distributions. Some 1,600 MT of rice, 244 MT of peas and 248 MT of WSB are still pending clearance at the port. WFP is borrowing 300 MT of rice from a national organization to support the Food for the Poor programme.

7) Nicaragua

(a) During the reporting period, WFP and FAO conducted a joint monitoring mission in the departments of León, Chinandega, Madriz, Estelí and Matagalpa to evaluate the food security situation of the families who lost their harvest due to the drought, flooding and plagues. The Ministry of Agriculture estimates that 15.1% of the national harvest has been lost.

(b) A state of emergency was declared for 6 days in the Autonomous Northern Atlantic region due to the political and social instability as the people demanded the central government to comply with its promises.

(c) The second distribution under the IRA/EMOP to affected families of the Cerro Musún mudslide in Río Blanco and Matiguás has concluded. The third distribution will take place in September.

(d) WFP continued to distribute food under PRRO 10212.0 covering a total of 78,960 school children in the RAAN and the municipality of Matagalpa. In addition, 10,027 vulnerable children under 2 years of age; 8,729 expectant and nursing women and 2,000 poor rural families are also being assisted in the northern region of the country.

(e) Beginning in September, the PRRO 10212.0 will face shortfalls of beans (161 MT), rice (138 MT) and of vegetable oil (65 MT) through December. If no commodities are announced in the coming months or those that are announced arrive late, PRRO will face serious pipeline breaks in January 2005.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric MT (MT).